On 29 January 2020, Finland and Latvia signed a Technical Arrangement on launching a development programme for sustained army mobility enhancement. Finland’s Minister of Defence Antti Kaikkonen and Latvia’s Minister of Defence Artis Pabriks signed the document for the participating nations.
The cooperation programme aims to develop a common armoured wheeled vehicle system. In case this development leads to vehicle system procurement in the future, the resulting common system enhances mobility, cost-efficiency, interoperability and security of supply of the armies of the participating nations.
At this stage, this is cooperation between Finland and Latvia, but the following phases allow also other countries to join the cooperation programme. This sets an excellent example of deepening defence cooperation between EU member states, Defence Minister Kaikkonen said at the signing event.
With the Letter of Intent signed in December, Estonia together with Latvia and Finland has shown interests for acquiring armoured vehicles for their national armed forces. Based on national and multinational tests and evaluations, the vehicle chassis platform chosen for the development in-progress is a Finnish-made Patria 6×6 armoured wheeled vehicle chassis platform that meets the set capability requirements.
As the programme advances, public information on its progress will be released on a regular basis.
Patria has delivered the first modernized Hamina class missile boat FNS Tornio to the Finnish Defence Forces. In the Mid-Life Upgrade (MLU) project four vessels will be overhauled and modernized, and all the new capabilities will be in use in the Finnish Navy during 2021. Patria acts as the prime contractor, designer and the lead system integrator.
The goal of the Mid-Life Upgrade project is to secure the service life of the vessels until 2030’s and to extend the vessels’ independent operation time. The project will also develop the Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) and the surface defence capabilities with new features.
Modernization work include:
A BAE Systems Bofors 40 Mk4 40-mm main gun (replacing the 57-mm Mk3);
Patria launched at Eurosatory a new vehicle – Patria 6×6, which brings the basic principles behind its predecessor into the present day, with its multifunctional transport capacity and modularity that adapts easily to the customer’s needs.
Patria 6×6 is a successor to the Pasi Armoured Personnel Carrier and to complement the vehicle fleets of customers of the legendary Patria AMV 8×8. Patria 6×6 is a multipurpose transport vehicle. The chassis structure is based on the same components as the AMV, but with one less axle. The vehicle is driven by all three axles and steered from the front two, or all three, depending on its equipage. Optional equipage can be added to bring the 6×6 closer to the AMV. For example, various ballistic and mine protection levels, weapon systems, self-protection systems and other interior equipment are available.
Patria 6×6 can be equipped with a variety of weapon systems and, if required, the Patria Nemo 120-mm mortar system. The 6×6 has a maximum load-bearing capacity of 8.5 tonnes/18,739 lbs. The protection of the armoured 6×6 reaches STANdardization AGreement (STANAG) level 4, which means protection against even heavy machine gun fire. Due to the 6×6’s good load carrying capacity, it has better protection than previous Pasi APCs. Its mine protection is top-notch, even at the basic level, but up to 10 kilos of mine protection can be achieved.
Boarding and leaving the 6×6 is easy. In addition to the crew of 2-3 persons, the vehicle has seats for ten combat troops, depending on its purpose and layout. The driver can easily adapt to the controls in the 6×6’s truck-like cab. The vehicle is designed as a simple and cost-effective truck-like solution. In terms of durability, it will continue along the trail pioneered by its predecessor, the Pasi. The 6×6 is also a clearly unified concept in terms of its manufacturing technology. If necessary, the final assembly and equipage can easily be completed by a partner in the destination country. The 6×6 meets NATO standards and is ideally suited to e.g. peacekeeping missions anywhere in the world. The vehicle’s life cycle support is an integral part of the Patria 6×6.
«There has long been demand on the market for a successor to the Pasi Armoured Personnel Carrier, which has been in production since the 80s. The new 6×6 brings the basic principles behind its predecessor into the present day, with its multifunctional transport capacity and modularity that adapts easily to the customer’s needs», says Janne Räkköläinen, Vice President, Vehicle Systems, Patria’s Land business unit.
7.5 m/24.6 feet
2.5 m/8.2 feet
2.9 m/9.5 feet
Maximum Total Weight (MTW)
24,000 kg/52,911 lbs.
˃100 km/h/62 mph
1.5 m/4.9 feet
˃700 km/435 miles
5-cylinder, turbocharged diesel engine
294 kW/394 hp
7 forward gears, 2 reverse
Continuous all-wheel drive
Compressed-air, hydraulic disc brakes with Anti-lock Braking System (ABS)
Power-assisted mechanical steering on 1 and 2 axles, optional rear wheel steering
MACHINING SUPPORT BLOCK
Independent suspension, double wishbone on each axle
Coil springs, optional hydropneumatics hydrostrut
The chassis structure is based on the same components as the AMV, but with one less axle
Patria has signed an agreement with the Finnish Defence Forces on the mid-life upgrade and overhaul of the Finnish Defence Forces’ Hamina Class fast attack craft. The procurement is part of the Naval Capability Development Programme, based on which the overhaul of Hamina Class vessels will ensure continued naval defence capabilities in the period between the decommissioning of Rauma Class fast attack craft and the commissioning of Squadron 2020 corvettes during the 2020s. The total value of the delivery contract, without options, is around 170 million euros (excluding VAT). The estimated employment effect of the programme in Finland will be around 300 person-years.
Patria will act as the prime contractor, designer and lead system integrator having the overall responsibility for the project. The delivery includes a number of sensor, weapon and communication systems, system upgrades, as well as ship technical modifications and overhauls. In addition to extending the lifecycle of the attack craft, their anti-submarine warfare capability is enhanced. Related to the new capabilities, Patria will equip the Hamina Class craft with its new, innovative Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Training Target system, which enables flexible and cost-effective anti-submarine warfare training.
As part of the extensive supply chain management effort involved, Patria also signed the most significant subcontracts related to Combat Management System (CMS), torpedo and sensor systems with Saab AB and ship technical work with Oy Western Shipyard Ltd.
«The Hamina Class mid-life upgrade is a large effort, which has been planned in close cooperation with the Finnish Defence Forces. We have strong expertise and capabilities for leading and implementing challenging and extensive system integration projects as a prime contractor. We were also responsible for the successful Rauma Class fast attack craft mid-life upgrade project», says Pasi Niinikoski, President of Patria’s Systems Business Unit.
The General Headquarters of the United Arab Emirates’ (UAE) Armed Forces has ordered Patria Armoured Modular Vehicle (AMV) 8×8 armoured wheeled vehicles. All details of the contract are classified.
«This is a magnificent extension for the ongoing, successful co-operation between the UAE Armed Forces and Patria. UAE Armed Forces have been very satisfied with their existing AMV vehicles as they meet all the customer’s needs and are suitable for the needed, challenging circumstances. These vehicles will be produced by our Polish partner in a very tight time schedule. The agreement done now is very significant for Patria, and we are excited about this and looking forward to providing the vehicles», says Mika Kari, President of Patria Land business unit.
Patria AMV offers effective protection, increased mobility, modularity and combat proven performance. The vehicle’s structural solutions enable high payload capacity, high level of protection and integration of heavy weapon systems. Patria AMV has received excellent feedback from customers for its performance in combat and crisis management operations in Afghanistan and Chad. Patria has contracts for over 1,400 Patria AMV vehicles.
Patria AMV (Armoured Modular Vehicle)
Patria AMV product family combines high payload capacity with the latest technology. These features enable simultaneous integration of a high level of protection with heavy weapon systems without compromising mobility of the vehicle.
Patria AMV 8×8 has been developed to provide optimal modularity of components and to be adaptable for a wide range of versions without changing basic vehicle systems. Patria AMV is available in three different models.
Basic model provides the platform for following variants: Armoured Personnel Carrier (APC), Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV), command vehicle, ambulance, reconnaissance vehicle, Anti-Tank Guided Missile vehicle (ATGM), Armoured Repair and Recovery Vehicle (ARRV), and finally, the 120-mm Patria Nemo mortar system.
High Roof Model provides extra space at the rear of the vehicle (13.4 inch/34 cm higher than the basic model), which is ideal if the vehicle is used as a command, Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence (C4I), ambulance or workshop vehicle.
Heavy Weapon Platform has been optimised to carry large-calibre weapon systems such as the 120-mm AMOS mortar system or the 105/120-mm cannon (MGS).
All previously mentioned 3 models and all their variants of AMV are available as 15.7 inch/40 cm stretched vehicle.
AMV offers the best ballistic protection level in its class, providing front sector protection against Armour-Piercing Fin-Stabilized Discarding-Sabot (APFSDS) rounds up to 30-mm and excellent defence against Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs), Explosively Formed Penetrators (EFPs) as well as TNT mines of up to 22 lbs/10 kg. Vehicle’s high payload capacity allows a variety of weapon systems to be integrated into the vehicle, starting from 7.62-mm machine guns and extending to a 105/120-mm cannon and a 120-mm AMOS/Patria Nemo mortar system.
The latest version of AMV product family is Patria AMVXP, which is built on the success of Patria AMV and sets a new standard for the future 8×8 armoured wheeled vehicles. Spacious interior and high payload carrying capability provide a platform for future customer variants, allowing the simultaneous integration of weapon systems, protection and crew equipment. Patria AMVXP is also available as 15.7 inch/40 cm stretched vehicle.
27.56 feet/8.4 m
Height over hull
7.87 feet/2.4 m
9.19 feet/2.8 m
8.2 feet/2.5 m
28,660 lbs/13,000 kg
Maximum combat weight
66,139 lbs/30,000 kg
>62 mph/100 km/h
Side slope, maximum
2.3 feet/0.7 m
6.9 feet/2.1 m
3.7-6.2 mph/6-10 km/h
5.9 feet/1.8 m
373-621 miles/600-1000 km
Modular ballistic, mine and IED-protection system according to customers’ requirements. Readiness for future protection technologies as well as future soldier equipment
ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION
Latest generation 530 Amp generator feeding the future electric power needs
High performance, maintenance free driving lights
603 hp/450 kW
All wheel drive
Integrated Terrain Control System
Hydraulically operated disc brakes with Anti-lock Braking System (ABS)
Central Tyre Inflation System
Fully independent suspension with double wishbone on every wheel station