Tag Archives: IAMD

Missile Defense

The TLVS bidders consortium, an MBDA Deutschland and Lockheed Martin joint venture, has submitted its proposal to the German Federal Office of Bundeswehr Equipment, Information Technology and In-Service Support (BAAINBw) to develop, test and deliver TLVS, Germany’s future Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) system.

MBDA Deutschland and Lockheed Martin Submit Proposal to Develop TLVS for Germany

The tender proposes an efficient four-phased approach that includes development, integration, testing and delivery of a fielded multi-mission system. The fielded unit will deliver new capabilities and significant performance enhancements well beyond the MEADS program and all known systems.

«A brief glance at the headlines show significant advances in adversarial threats in just the last five years, and we are operating in an environment today where those threats will likely only continue to proliferate», said Dietmar Thelen, managing director of the TLVS joint venture. «Germany needs a future-proof solution that can grow with the emerging threat».

Designed to replace Germany’s aging, sectored Patriot systems designed in the late 1960s, the 2019 TLVS proposal provides protection from a broader threat spectrum with two mission-specific effectors, significantly enhanced radar capabilities for long range engagements and a new communications system to support enhanced interoperability, data fusion and cyber resilience. TLVS will be the first-ever integrated air and missile defense system able to simultaneously detect, track and intercept multiple threat sets, including medium and short-range threats with full 360-degree coverage.

«We’ve completely reimagined TLVS based on customer requirements. Our approach reduces risk, supports lower life cycle costs and enables more effective coalition operations», said Gregory Kee, managing director of the TLVS joint venture. «TLVS will allow Germany to provide regional protection as the Framework Nation for Air and Missile Defense for NATO, with a high degree of system sovereignty».

The TLVS proposal represents the beginning of a new chapter in the longstanding partnership between MBDA Deutschland and Lockheed Martin.

With its integrated plug and fight interface, TLVS is the most advanced, networked 360° IAMD system in the world. It is the only system with the ability to adapt to evolving threats using capabilities that are tailored to the mission. TLVS will transform Germany’s defense capabilities and set an important precedent in how neighboring nations address persistent global threats for years to come.

Operations center

Northrop Grumman Corporation has delivered to the U.S. Army the first production-representative Engagement Operations Center (EOC) for the Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) Battle Command System (IBCS).

Northrop Grumman has delivered to the U.S. Army the first production-representative engagement operations center for the Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) Battle Command System (IBCS)
Northrop Grumman has delivered to the U.S. Army the first production-representative engagement operations center for the Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) Battle Command System (IBCS)

«This milestone is testament of the significant progress toward operational capability that will make pivotal differences to warfighters, commanders and acquisition officials», said Dan Verwiel, vice president and general manager, missile defense and protective systems, Northrop Grumman. «We will be delivering more EOCs as well as IBCS Integrated Fire Control Network (IFCN) relays in the near future. These articles will be used for Initial Operational Test and Evaluation (IOT&E), which informs future production decisions».

The delivered IBCS EOC has completed all functional configuration audits for major configuration items and system verification review, and is representative of the production configuration for hardware and software that will undergo qualification testing before IOT&E. Northrop Grumman is on pace to deliver 11 EOCs and 18 IFCN relays for the IBCS program by the end of the year.

«Northrop Grumman will continue to closely collaborate with our customer and user communities to realize the groundbreaking vision of IBCS and its transformative impact on the air and missile defense mission», said Verwiel.

IBCS is a paradigm shift for IAMD by replacing legacy stove-piped systems with a next-generation, net-centric approach to better address an evolving array of threats. The system integrates disparate radars and weapons to construct a far more effective IAMD enterprise. IBCS delivers a single integrated air picture with unprecedented accuracy as well as broader surveillance and protection areas. With its truly open systems architecture, IBCS allows incorporation of current and future sensors and effectors and enables interoperability with joint C2 and the ballistic missile defense system.

IBCS is managed by the U.S. Army Program Executive Office for Missiles and Space, Redstone Arsenal, Alabama.

Missile Defense

The U.S. Army has awarded Northrop Grumman Corporation a $713 million contract for the production of Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) Battle Command System (IBCS) for the first phase of Poland’s WISŁA air and missile defense program.

Northrop Grumman has been awarded $713 million to provide Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) Battle Command System (IBCS) next-generation capabilities for Poland’s WISŁA air and missile defense program
Northrop Grumman has been awarded $713 million to provide Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) Battle Command System (IBCS) next-generation capabilities for Poland’s WISŁA air and missile defense program

«Poland is taking a leadership role in today’s complex threat environment by selecting IBCS over legacy stove-piped systems that were designed decades ago for a much different threat profile. IBCS is the future of multidomain operations and with it, Poland will have a state-of-the-art system to modernize its integrated air and missile defense capabilities», said Dan Verwiel, vice president and general manager, missile defense and protective systems, Northrop Grumman. «Through the acquisition of IBCS, Poland will be in line with the U.S. Army’s future direction. Poland will have the flexibility to consider any radar and any interceptor, optimize sensor and effector integration and keep pace with an evolving threat».

Under this foreign military sales contract for WISŁA, Northrop Grumman will manufacture IBCS engagement operations centers and integrated fire control network relays and deliver IBCS net-enabled command and control for four firing units. The IBCS engagement operations centers will be integrated with IBCS battle management software that maximizes the combat potential of sensors and weapon systems. IBCS engagement operations centers and network relays will be transported by Polish Jelcz vehicles.

«Northrop Grumman continues to work closely with the Polish Ministry of National Defense and Polish industry toward a comprehensive offset program that meets the program goals and requirements. We look forward to continued collaboration and partnership with PGZ and its consortium of companies on this and future phases of the WISŁA program», said Tarik Reyes, vice president, business development, missile defense and protective systems, Northrop Grumman. «We are pleased with the opportunity to deliver cutting-edge, net-centric IBCS technology to Poland and support the Ministry of National Defense’s modernization priorities».

IBCS is the air and missile defense command-and-control solution of choice for Poland. In March 2018, Poland signed a Letter of Offer and Acceptance with the U.S. government to purchase IBCS and became the first international partner country to acquire this advanced capability. By implementing IBCS, Poland will transform its IAMD capabilities in a manner consistent with the U.S. Army.

IBCS creates a paradigm shift for IAMD by replacing legacy stove-piped systems with a next-generation, net-centric approach to better address the evolving complex threat. The system integrates disparate radars and weapons to construct a far more effective IAMD enterprise. IBCS delivers a single integrated air picture with unprecedented accuracy and broadens surveillance and protection areas. With its truly open systems architecture, IBCS allows incorporation of current and future sensors and weapon systems and interoperability with joint C2 and the ballistic missile defense system.

IBCS is managed by the U.S. Army Program Executive Office for Missiles and Space, Redstone Arsenal, Alabama.

Flight III Final

The Department of the Navy (DoN) is committed to the acquisition of the DDG 51 Flight III destroyers with an integrated Air and Missile Defense Radar (AMDR) to meet the requirements for Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) capabilities. After several years of study, analysis, requirements validation, and prototype testing, the AMDR S-Band system is poised for successful integration into the DDG 51 Class ships as the Flight III upgrade. (Prepared by: Assistant Secretary of the Navy Research, Development, and Acquisition 1000 Navy Pentagon Washington, DC 20350-1000)

Flight III Operational View
Flight III Operational View

The AMDR has successfully completed Milestone B, a full system Preliminary Design Review, a hardware Critical Design Review, and will deliver its first full ship set of production equipment by early FY 2020. The remaining equipment required to provide power and cooling to the AMDR are all based on currently existing equipment and therefore induce low technical risk to the program. Given the tremendous capability improvement AMDR provides to defeat emerging air and ballistic missile threats over current radars, the low to moderate technical risk associated with implementing this radar on an FY 2016 DDG 51 justifies execution of the ECP during the FY 2013-2017 multiyear procurement contract.

The DDG 51 Class Program has awarded a total of 76 ships from 1985 to 2017 between two shipbuilders, General Dynamics Bath Iron Works (BIW) and Huntington Ingalls Industries (HII). Most recently, 10 were awarded in June 2013 under Multi-Year Procurement (MYP) authority for FY13-17. Sixty-two ships have been delivered. Of the remaining 14, six are in various stages of construction and will deliver in 2016 and beyond. The Flight III configuration will be integrated via the Engineering Change Proposal (ECP) process onto the last three ships of the FY13-17 MYP: one ship in FY16 and both FY17 ships. A follow-on FY18 MYP will continue the production line.

Prior to Flight III, the program has produced three flights (I, II and IIA). Flights II and IIA included important modifications for changing mission requirements and technology updates, thus demonstrating the substantial capacity and flexibility of the base DDG 51 hull form. Flight II introduced enhanced capability in Combat Systems and Electronic Warfare. Flight IIA constituted a more significant change to the ship by incorporation of an organic dual hangar/dual helicopter aviation facility, extended transom, Zonal Electrical Power Distribution (ZEDS), enhanced missile capacity, and reconfigured primary radar arrays.

The combined scope and means for integrating the changes for Flight III is similar to the approach used in the Flight IIA upgrade. Additionally, during Flight IIA production in the middle of the FY98-01 MYP, the class was significantly upgraded with a new radar, the AN/SPY-1D(V), and an improved combat management computing plant, AEGIS Baseline 7.1. The previous ship system changes were successfully executed by ECPs introduced via the existing systems engineering processes on both Flight II and IIA in support of the ongoing construction program. This methodology takes advantage of the U.S. Navy and prime contractor experience with the proven processes while offering effective and efficient introduction of the desired configuration changes. It also provides the more affordable and effective approach toward producing this enhanced ship capability in lieu of starting a new ship design to incorporate the same capabilities into a new production line for ship construction.

DDG 51 Flight III will be the third evolution of the original DDG 51 Class and will achieve the U.S. Navy’s critical need for an enhanced surface combatant integrated IAMD capability. Flight III will build on the warfighting capabilities of DDG 51 Flight IIA ships, providing this capability at the earliest feasible time. Its defining characteristics include integration of the AMDR, associated Combat Systems elements, and related Hull, Mechanical, and Electrical (HM&E) changes into a modified repeat Flight IIA design. AMDR will give Flight III ships the ability to conduct simultaneous Anti-Air Warfare (AAW) and Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) operations. Flight III will contribute to mitigating the capability gaps identified in the Maritime Air and Missile Defense of the Joint Force (MAMDJF) Initial Capabilities Document (ICD). The integrated Flight III ship system as delivered will meet the program requirements as stated in the DDG 51 Class Flight III Capabilities Development Document (CDD).

DDG 51 Flight III will execute four primary missions:

  • Integrated Air and Missile Defense,
  • Anti-Surface Warfare,
  • Anti-Submarine Warfare,
  • Strike Warfare,

and will have the ability to plan, coordinate and execute alternate warfare commander responsibilities for either anti-air warfare or ballistic missile defense.

In addition to the incorporation of AMDR-S and HM&E upgrades, the AMDR system will be integrated into the AEGIS Combat System
In addition to the incorporation of AMDR-S and HM&E upgrades, the AMDR system will be integrated into the AEGIS Combat System
Flight III Systems Technological Maturity
AMDR In Engineering & Manufacturing Development, LRIP scheduled for FY 2017
MT-5 Gas Turbine Generator Fielded on DDG 1000 class
4160VAC Electric Plant Fielded on LHA 6 Class
300 Ton A/C Plant In operation at vendor plant, environmental qualification in progress
4160VAC to 1000VDC Power Conversion Module Fielded on DDG 1000 Class

Throughout the five-year span of evaluation and refinement as the ship concept was being matured, the Flight III ship capability requirements were also being clarified and validated. A meticulous and concerted effort was applied in considering the secondary effects of ship impacts created from the Flight III changes to avoid degrading or compromising the existing DDG 51 Flight IIA requirements. A substantial milestone achievement was reached on 28 October 2014 when the Flight III CDD was validated and approved by the Joint Requirements Oversight Council (JROC). The Flight III CDD requirements reflect an achievable set of goals for upgrading the DDG 51 Class with the AMDR S-Band. The new requirements that could only be met by modifying the ship include the IAMD, Space, Weight, Power, and Cooling Service Life Allowance (SWaP-C SLA), Manpower, and Alternate Warfare Commander requirements. The majority of the remaining CDD requirements are met by the current DDG 51 Class design.

Most Recent AEGIS Baselines
Most Recent AEGIS Baselines

ECP development is a fundamental systems engineering approach; an approach currently implemented in the DDG 51 program that has been continuously updated and improved since the program’s inception in the early 1980s and has resulted in the successful delivery of 62 DDG 51 Class destroyers. The last three ships of the FY13-17 MYP are designated as Flight III beginning with one of the FY16 ship. The Flight III is a modified repeat of the existing baseline and will be centered on the addition of an IAMD capability in the form of the AMDR-S, associated enhanced combat systems elements and requisite supporting HM&E changes. These changes will be incorporated via discrete ECPs with the same proven processes and rigor that produced successful Flight II and IIA upgrades to the class.

Flight III CDD Requirements Summary
Flight III CDD Requirements Summary

The AMDR suite consists of an S-Band radar (AMDR-S), X-Band radar (SPQ-9B), and a Radar Suite Controller (RSC). AMDR-S is a new development IAMD radar providing sensitivity for long-range detection and engagement of advanced threats. The X-Band radar is a horizon-search radar based on existing technology. The RSC provides radar resource management and coordination for both S and X-Band, and interface to the combat system. The SPQ-9B, radar is already slated for installation on the FY14 Flight IIA ships.

AMDR System Overview
AMDR System Overview

AIU – Array Interface Unit

APDU – Array Power Distribution Unit

CEU – Cooling Electronics Unit

DBFS – Digital Beamforming System

DSPS – Digital Signal Processing System

FTS – Frequency Time System

MPDU – Main Power Distribution Unit

RCPS – Radar Control Processing Subsystem

RSC – Radar Suite Controller

RTSS – Real-Time Simulation Subsystem

UPS – Uninterruptible Power Supply