F-22 Raptor

The F-22 is the only fighter capable of simultaneously conducting air-to-air and air-to-ground combat missions with near impunity. This is accomplished with a never-before-seen standard of survivability even in the face of sophisticated airborne and ground-based threats.

F-22 4195 and 4193 take their final company flight around the Metro Atlanta Area, passing down town Atlanta, Stone Mountain, Lake Lanier, and the Lockheed Martin Marietta plant
F-22 4195 and 4193 take their final company flight around the Metro Atlanta Area, passing down town Atlanta, Stone Mountain, Lake Lanier, and the Lockheed Martin Marietta plant

In addition to being America’s premier air-superiority fighter, the F-22 evolved from its original concept to become a lethal, survivable and flexible multimission fighter. By taking advantage of emerging technologies, the F-22 has emerged as a superior platform for many diverse missions including intelligence gathering, surveillance, reconnaissance and electronic attack.

The F-22 Raptor (premier 5th Generation fighter) is operational today, protecting our homeland and combat ready for worldwide deployment. F-22s are already assigned to multiple bases across the country. Currently, there are:

  • Two squadrons of F-22s assigned to Air Combat Command’s 1st Fighter Wing at Langley AFB, Virginia;
  • Two squadrons assigned to the 3rd Wing at Elmendorf AFB, Alaska;
  • One squadron at 49th Fighter Wing at Holloman AFB, New Mexico;
  • A Virginia Air National Guard associate squadron at Langley AFB;
  • One Air Force Reserve Command associate squadron at both Elmendorf and Holloman;
  • F-22 Raptors assigned to the Hawaii Air National Guard, along with an active-duty associate unit at Hickam AFB, Hawaii.

Training for Raptor pilots and maintainers takes place at Tyndall AFB, Florida, flight-testing is conducted at Edwards AFB, California, and operational testing and tactics development is performed at Nellis AFB, Nevada.

The final F-22 Raptor was delivered to the U.S. Air Force on May 2, 2012, completing the world’s only operational 5th Generation fleet.

The Raptor has three internal weapons bays: a large bay on the bottom of the fuselage, and two smaller bays on the sides of the fuselage, aft of the engine intakes
The Raptor has three internal weapons bays: a large bay on the bottom of the fuselage, and two smaller bays on the sides of the fuselage, aft of the engine intakes

 

Transformational Leap

The F-22 is leading U.S. Air Force transformation efforts. Its ability to penetrate anti-access airspace, while finding, tracking and targeting enemy air and ground-based threats will ensure freedom to maneuver and freedom from attack for all joint forces.

The Raptor’s unique combination of advanced stealth, supercruise, advanced maneuverability and integrated avionics will allow it to «kick down the door», and then follow up with 24-hour stealth operations and freedom of movement for all follow-on forces – fully leveraging the Raptor’s technological advantages.

Two Pratt & Whitney F119-PW-100 engines, the world’s most advanced combat aircraft engines, power the F-22. These engines, with their unique thrust-vectoring nozzle and integrated stealth characteristics, give the F-22 the capability to supercruise, or achieve Mach 1.5+ speeds, without the use of afterburners.

The F-22’s all-aspect stealth and high speed/high altitude capability gives U.S. forces and allies an advantage that will endure well into the future. By incorporating revolutionary advances in technology, the F-22 is ready to dominate any and all adversaries from the outset of any conflict. This capability provides a critical edge to joint force commanders and acts as an effective deterrent to future adversaries.

F-22 4195 delivery ceremony 05-02-2012 Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company, Marietta, Georgia. Lockheed Martin Photography by Thinh D. Nguyen
F-22 4195 delivery ceremony 05-02-2012 Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company, Marietta, Georgia. Lockheed Martin Photography by Thinh D. Nguyen

 

Air Dominance

The F-22 is an entirely new way of thinking about fighter capabilities. This 5th generation fighter represents a leap in warfighting capabilities for the U.S. Air Force and coalition forces.

  • Very Low Observable Stealth – VLO enables the Raptor to operate 24/7 over hostile areas while remaining virtually undetected by enemy air or ground forces.
  • Supercruise – The Raptor’s lethality and survivability are sharply enhanced by its ability to operate for extended periods at speeds greater than Mach 1.5 without afterburners.
  • Extreme Fighter Agility – The F-22 brings an additional asymmetric advantage due to its superior aerodynamic performance and ability to outmaneuver opposing forces through acceleration and razor-sharp turns.
  • Information Fusion – With 360-degree battlespace awareness, F-22 pilots can autonomously gather and fuze intelligence, conduct surveillance to identify and sort threats and then easily carry out the attack.
  • Joint Force Enabler – The F-22 provides transformational capabilities that are essential to countering air-to-air threats and defeating integrated air defenses today and for the next 30 years. This, in turn, ensures safe and effective joint and coalition forces operations – starting on Day One of a conflict.
The aircraft was variously designated F-22 and F/A-22 prior to formally entering service in December 2005 as the F-22A
The aircraft was variously designated F-22 and F/A-22 prior to formally entering service in December 2005 as the F-22A

 

General Characteristics

Primary Function Air dominance, multi-role fighter
Contractor Lockheed-Martin, Boeing
Crew 1
Length 62 ft/18.90 m
Height 16.7 ft/5.09 m
Wingspan 44.5 ft/13.56 m
Wing area 840 ft2/78.04 m2
Horizontal tail span 29 ft/8.84 m
Weight empty 43,340 lb/19,700 kg
Maximum take-off weight 83,500 lb/38,000 kg
Internal fuel 18,000 lb/8,200 kg
Fuel Capacity with 2 external wing tanks 26,000 lb/11,900 kg
Speed Mach 2 class
Ceiling >50,000 ft/15,000 m
Range* >1,600 NM/2,963 km
Power plant Two F119-PW-100 turbofan engines with two-dimensional thrust vectoring nozzles
Armament One M61A2 20-mm cannon with 480 rounds, internal side weapon bays carriage of 2 AIM-9 infrared (heat seeking) air-to-air missiles and internal main weapon bays carriage of 6 AIM-120 radar-guided air-to-air missiles (air-to-air loadout) or two 1,000-pound GBU-32 JDAMs and two AIM-120 radar-guided air-to-air missiles (air-to-ground loadout)
Unit Cost $143 million
Initial operating capability December 2005
Inventory Total force, 183

* With 2 external wing tanks

The United States Air Force is the only operator of the F-22. It ordered 8 test and 187 operational production aircraft. In November 2012, it had 183 production aircraft in inventory
The United States Air Force is the only operator of the F-22. It ordered 8 test and 187 operational production aircraft. In November 2012, it had 183 production aircraft in inventory

 

Pratt & Whitney F119-PW-100

Pratt & Whitney’s F119 turbofan engine is the world’s first fifth-generation fighter engine. The F119 combines stealth technologies and vectored thrust performance to provide unprecedented maneuverability and survivability with a high thrust-to-weight ratio. The ability to operate supersonically without afterburner – supercruise – gives the F-22 exceptional combat performance without compromising mission range.

F119-PW-100 Thrust Vectoring Test
F119-PW-100 Thrust Vectoring Test

The F119 is equipped with a number of advanced technologies for unmatched operational performance and reliability. Its three-stage integrally bladed fan is powered by a single-stage low-pressure turbine. The robust, yet compact, high-pressure compressor features the most advanced airfoil aerodynamics and integrally bladed rotor disks for ensured durability. The engine’s counterrotating core has an aerodynamically efficient six-stage compressor driven by a single-stage high-pressure turbine featuring the latest single-crystal superalloy blades and advanced cooling technologies. The engine delivers unparalleled aircraft maneuverability with its unique two-dimensional pitch-vectoring exhaust nozzle.

The F119 engine has achieved a best-in-class safety record since its introduction by outperforming legacy engine benchmarks. Ease of assembly, maintenance and repair were designed into the F119 from its inception using a balanced team approach that included assemblers and flight-line mechanics. Requirements for support equipment and labor were reduced by 50 percent, minimizing the overall F119 logistics footprint.

The F119 allows sustained supercruise speeds of up to Mach 1.72
The F119 allows sustained supercruise speeds of up to Mach 1.72

 

F119-PW-100 Characteristics

Type Twin-spool, augmented turbofan
Thrust 35,000 pound/15,876 kg/156 kN thrust class
Engine control FADEC (Full-Authority Digital Engine Control)
Compression system Dual-rotor, counter-rotating, axial flow, low aspect ratio
·         Three-stage fan
·         Six-stage high-pressure compressor
Combustor Annular, Floatwall configuration
Turbines Axial flow, counter-rotating
·         One-stage high-pressure turbine
·         One-stage low-pressure turbine
Nozzle Two-dimensional pitch-vectoring convergent/divergent

 

 

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