The U.S. Navy christened its newest high-speed transport vessel, the future USNS Guam (T-HST-1), during a 10 a.m. Japan Standard Time ceremony Saturday, April 27, in Okinawa, Japan.
USNS Guam (T-HST-1) is named to honor the long-standing historical and military relationship between Guam and the United States. She will be the fourth ship to bear the name Guam.
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the United States of America to the Republic of Korea Harry B. Harris Jr. was the principal speaker, and Mrs. Bruni Bradley, a 25-year Navy veteran and wife of Harris, served as the ship’s sponsor. In a time-honored Navy tradition, she christened the ship by breaking a bottle of sparkling wine across the bow.
«This ship honors the island of Guam and the important contributions Guamanians have made to our nation and our Navy and Marine Corps team», said Secretary of the Navy Richard V. Spencer. «For decades to come, USNS Guam and its crew will carry on the Guamanian tradition of service by providing our commanders with much needed high-speed sealift mobility and agility».
Long before Guam joined the U.S. as a territory, the island had a military relationship with the United States. The long-standing historical and military relationship between Guam and the U.S. began in 1898 when the U.S. acquired the island from Spain as a result of the Treaty of Paris that ended the Spanish-American War. Shortly after the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Japanese captured Guam, and they occupied it until U.S. troops retook the island July 21, 1944, commemorated in Guam every year as «Liberation Day». Guam continues to host many critical U.S. military installations.
USNS Guam (T-HST-1) is an aluminum catamaran designed to be fast, flexible and maneuverable, even in austere port conditions, making the vessel ideal for transporting troops and equipment quickly. USNS Guam’s 25,000-square-foot mission-bay areas can be quickly reconfigured for any cargo requirement, from supporting disaster relief to transporting troops and equipment.
The ship is preceded in service by the patrol gunboat USS Guam (PG-43), which was renamed Wake in 1941 and captured by the Japanese later that year, the Alaska-class large cruiser USS Guam (CB-2) in service 1944-1947, and the Iwo Jima-class amphibious assault ship USS Guam (LPH-9) in service 1965-1998.
Raytheon Company completed a successful static test of the new DeepStrike missile rocket motor, which moved the advanced, surface-to-surface weapon closer to its maiden flight test later this year.
Raytheon’s new DeepStrike missile rocket motor passed a recent static test conducted at the Allegany Ballistics Laboratory in West Virginia, which moved the weapon a step closer to its first flight. The company is on a fast track to deliver an advanced, surface-to-surface missile that exceeds the U.S. Army’s requirements by doubling the firepower while reducing the cost.
The company is offering the DeepStrike missile for the U.S. Army’s Precision Strike Missile, or PrSM, program to replace the aging Army Tactical Missile System that is approaching the end of its service life.
«Testing shows us how initial data assessments line up and validates them for the next phase in development», said Doctor Thomas Bussing, Raytheon Advanced Missile Systems vice president. «This test confirms our design for the DeepStrike propulsion system is solid and moves us one step closer to extending the Army’s reach and doubling the load-out of long-range fires».
The rocket motor test at Allegany Ballistics Laboratory in West Virginia is the latest in a series of milestones for the DeepStrike missile. Raytheon recently concluded a successful preliminary design review for the weapon.
Raytheon’s new, long-range precision strike missile features an innovative, two-in-the-pod design and will fly farther, faster, and give the Army twice the firepower at half the cost per missile. It is also more maneuverable and has a modular, open architecture to simplify system upgrades.
«With our expertise in advanced weapon systems, Raytheon is best positioned to provide an affordable, low-risk solution that gives the Army an overwhelming advantage over our nation’s adversaries», Bussing said.
The DeepStrike missile will defeat fixed land targets 60-499 kilometers/37-310 miles away, and get there faster than current systems.
Raytheon’s next-generation DeepStrike missile is the U.S. Army’s affordable solution that offers double the firepower, greater range and precision accuracy
The U.S. Navy christened its newest Zumwalt-class guided missile destroyer, the future USS Lyndon B. Johnson (DDG-1002), during a 10 a.m. EST ceremony Saturday, April 27, at General Dynamics-Bath Iron Works shipyard in Bath, Maine.
The third ship in the Zumwalt-class, DDG-1002 is named in honor of late President Lyndon B. Johnson, who served in office from 1963-1969, and will be the first ship to bear his name.
Lynda Johnson Robb and Luci Johnson, the two daughters of the former president, served as the ship’s sponsors. In a time-honored Navy tradition, the sisters christened the ship by breaking a bottle of sparkling wine across the bow. Robb also served as the principal speaker.
«The future USS Lyndon B. Johnson will serve for decades as a reminder of President Johnson’s service to our nation and support of a strong Navy and Marine Corps team», said Secretary of the Navy Richard V. Spencer. «This ship honors not only President Johnson’s service, but also the service of our industry partners who are vital in making the Navy the nation needs».
Johnson served as a U.S. Navy Reserve officer before being called to active duty after the attack on Pearl Harbor. He requested a combat assignment and served in the Pacific theater. After returning from active duty, Johnson reported to Navy leaders and Congress what he believed were deplorable living conditions for the warfighters. He continued to fight for better standards for all military members.
Johnson’s time as president was marked by the passage of programs that greatly influenced and affected education, healthcare and civil rights for generations to come. He signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 into law, enacting comprehensive provisions protecting the right to vote and prohibiting racial discrimination by employers. His work on civil rights continued with the passage of the Voting Rights Act, which guaranteed voting rights for all people, regardless of race.
The multi-mission Zumwalt-class destroyers will be capable of performing a range of deterrence, power projection, sea control, and command and control missions while allowing the Navy to evolve with new systems and missions. Zumwalt ships are 610 feet/186 meters long, have a beam of 80.7 feet/24.6 meter, displace almost 16,000 tons, and are capable of making 30 knots/34.5 mph/55.5 km/h speed.
This is the first of the Navy’s next-generation frigates, gradually taking shape in a huge shed on the Clyde.
This is HMS Glasgow, the lead ship in the new City-class, successor to the workhorse of today’s Fleet, the Duke-class Type 23 frigates.
Eight of these Type 26 ships will replace the «souped-up» submarine-hunting variant of the 23s (those equipped with Sonar 2187 – the towed array streamed from the quarterdeck) from the middle of next decade. (The five general purpose 23s, such as HMS Montrose, will be superseded by the Type 31e frigate which is still at the design stage.)
Work has been under way on the £1.2bn warship since mid-July 2017 at BAE Systems’ yard in Govan.
She’ll comprise more than 60 blocks in her finished form, with all but half a dozen of those giant segments in place by the end of next year.
The size of the vessel and the Govan shed means the ship will be pieced together in two huge sections: first the forward part of the frigate, followed by the stern.
Once the two parts are joined on the slipway outside the shed, the main mast and bridge section will be lifted into place and the mostly-complete frigate will be taken downstream for fitting out at BAE’s yard on the north bank of the Clyde at Scotstoun.
All of which is a couple of years off. For now, Vice Admiral Chris Gardner wanted to see how far Glasgow had progressed in his new role as Chief of Materiel (Ships) at the Defence Equipment and Support organisation – the arm of the MOD which oversees new projects and programmes and provides engineering and technical support to existing military kit.
«You can now stand inside a Type 26 as the zones come together and get a real sense of HMS Glasgow as she takes shape», he said.
Three ships have been ordered from BAE: Glasgow, Cardiff and Belfast, while the remaining five vessels in the class have been named: Birmingham, Sheffield, Newcastle, Edinburgh and finally London.
The admiral also dropped in on «mega Medway» – No.2 of five new RN patrol ships – which is about to sail from Scotstoun on her second period of trials; all five vessels have been built in Glasgow, four are in the water and one, HMS Forth, is in Royal Navy hands.
On the 18th April 2019, Naval Group launched the multi-missions FREMM frigate FNS Alsace (D656). First one of the two air defense frigates of the FREMM program (FREMM DA) destined to the French Navy and benefitting from the same antisubmarine warfare performances than the preceding units, the FNS Alsace (D656) benefits from increased capacities in terms of air defense.
Thirteen months after the keel laying of the first block, the FREMM DA Alsace is released from the construction form of the Naval Group site of Lorient. Ninth multi-missions FREMM frigate, it is also the seventh one for the French Navy, ordered by the OCCAR on behalf of the Direction générale de l’armement (DGA).
In order to answer the operational requirements, the Alsace FREMM integrates the last evolutions ordered by the Organisation Conjointe de Coopération en matière d’Armement (OCCAR), according to an unchanged delivery planning. «The essential of the architecture of the first FREMM designed by Naval Group is conserved but its polyvalence will be increased by enhanced capacities in terms of anti-aerial warfare. These modifications particularly concern the combat system», says Pierre-Jean Cuisinier, director of the FREMM DA program.
The technical adaptations brought by Naval Group are notably translated into a more powerful multifunction radar, reinforced communication tools, three additional consoles for the Combat Management System SETIS in the Combat Information Center (CIC), with enhanced air defense capacities using the Aster 15 and 30 missiles. In a few days, the FREMM Alsace will also receive its new mast, opitmised in order to increase the detection performances.
«This ninth launching is scoring the collaboration between Naval Group, the DGA, the OCCAR and the French Navy in order to produce ships benefitting from the continuous enhancement of the already produced FREMM. Thanks to the good master of the technological risks but also to the determination and the know-how of the group’s teams, it is a new successful challenge», explains Nicolas Gaspard, director of the FREMM programs.
In addition to the ensuring the same anti-submarine warfare missions than the previous FREMM, the FREMM DA Alsace will have the role of ensuring the air defense of major units: the Charles de Gaulle aircraft-carrier or an amphibious helicopter-carrier, within an aero-naval or amphibious group.
The Naval Group teams and its numerous partners are mobilized in order to deliver the two anti-air defense frigates Alsace and Lorraine, respectively on the first semester 2021 and on the second semester 2022.
Seven FREMM have been delivered between 2012 and 2018. The FNS Aquitaine (D650) in 2012, the FNS Provence (D652) in 2015, the FNS Languedoc (D653) in 2016, the FNS Auvergne (D654) in April 2017 and the FNS Bretagne (D655) in July 2018.
On the international side, Morocco received the Mohammed VI (701) in 2014 and Egypt the Tahya Misr (FFG-1001) in 2015. The FNS Normandie (D651) will be delivered in summer 2019 in conformity with the contractual planning.
Technical caracteristics of the air defense FREMM
Strongly armed, the FREMM DA Alsace use the most performant weapon systems and equipment so as: the multifunction Herakles radar, the Aster 15 and 30 and Excocet MM 40 missiles or even the MU 90 torpedo. The performances of its combat system are reinforced with increased radar and communication capacities, a new radar and electro-optical fire-lead, and a Combat Management System SETIS equipped with specific anti-air defense functions.
On April 25, the Peene shipyard in Wolgast will lay the keel for the new corvette «Cologne». The new corvettes are the first result of the trend to reverse the equipment decline of the German Navy. The construction of the first of five new corvettes takes place just two years and four months after the first parliamentary initiative in the Bundestag.
«The armament project of the new corvettes shows we can also be fast», said the Navy Inspector (chief of staff), Vice Admiral Andreas Krause. «And we also have to stay fast because we urgently need the ships to relieve the fleet».
Since its commissioning in 2008-2013, the first five ships in the class have become proven workhorses of the German naval forces. On the one hand, one of the corvettes for the UNIFIL stabilization mission in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Lebanon has been in use virtually since 2012. On the other hand, the small, manoeuvrable ships with a sea endurance of up to seven days are specialists for national and alliance defense missions in the Baltic Sea, where they regularly practice with NATO and EU partners.
The German fleet has recently tested the newly-developed concepts of intensive use and multi-crew model with the class K 130, for which the class 125 frigates are designed and of which the first will be put into service this year.
Intensive use means that a naval vessel will remain on operational service for up to two years, while the crew will change every four months thanks to the multi-crew model. Already in 2015 and 2016, the «Erfurt» proved the practicability of these concepts: It was in use 17 months at a time both at UNIFIL and in the Horn of Africa. During this time, her approximately 60-strong crew changed four times. The test has shown that although the wear was greater, the technology of the «Erfurt» is robust enough to withstand the intense use.
The «Cologne» is the first of a second batch of K 130 corvettes, around which the Navy will complement its current fleet with five additional corvettes. The «Cologne» will be followed by «Emden», «Karlsruhe», «Augsburg» and «Lübeck». The keel for the latter is expected to be laid in December 2020. The first maker’s sea trial for the «Cologne» is scheduled for August 2022.
With the procurement of these new ships, the Navy will also eliminate the obsolescence of the corvettes, which are already introduced into the fleet.
The five new corvettes will be built by a joint venture of three shipbuilding companies: Lürssen Werft, ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems and German Naval Yards.
Lürssen will build the foredeck of the «Cologne» in its shipyard at Lemwerder near Bremen, while the rear will be built at the Wolgaster Peene shipyard. These two large sections will then be assembled and equipped at the Thyssen shipyard Blohm & Voss in Hamburg. In Wolgast, the rear vessels of the remaining four new corvettes are also being built.
Nauta Shiprepair Yard has completed the next milestone in the construction of the Swedish Signals intelligence (SIGINT) ship HMS Artemis for the Royal Swedish Navy. Outfitting and equipment installation will take place in Nauta Shiprepair Yard, after which the vessel will undergo harbour and sea trials. The ship will then sail to Saab’s shipyard in Karlskrona to complete outfitting of special systems.
The launching ceremony took place in PGZ Stocznia Wojenna in Gdynia on April 17 and was attended by representatives of the Polish government, the Polish Armaments Group (PGZ) and Saab, as well as representatives of the Royal Swedish Navy, the Swedish Defence Materiel Administration (FMV), Swedish National Defence Radio Establishment (FRA), the Embassy of Sweden and invited guests.
The first steel cutting took place in March 2018 followed by the keel-laying only three months later. The new ship is 243 feet/74 metres long with displacement of 2,200 tonnes.
«We are delighted to achieve a significant milestone within the contract for the construction of a signals intelligence ship, which will serve the Royal Swedish Navy», said Gunnar Wieslander, Senior Vice President, Head of Saab Business Area Kockums.
«The launch of the signal intelligence ship is a significant event in the construction process. The vessel is a showcase of the high quality and technical capabilities of the shipyard and our partners», said Adam Potrykus, acting President of the Board of Nauta Shiprepair Yard S.A.
Saab was awarded the contract to design and build the SIGINT ship HMS Artemis, which will replace the Swedish Navy’s existing HMS Orion, by the Swedish Material Defence Administration (FMV) in 2017. Subsequently Saab selected Nauta Shiprepair Yard, part of PGZ Group, to construct, launch and perform the sea trials of the ship.
The cooperation in ship construction between Saab and Nauta Shiprepair Yard is a direct result of the agreement, signed in late 2016, to establish a close partnership between Saab and PGZ in the planning and delivery of naval programmes.
The Swedish Rear Admiral, Jens Nykvist, earlier announced that the new SIGINT ship will be given the name HMS Artemis.
The frigate «Antonio Marceglia» (F-597) was delivered on April 16, 2019 to the Italian Navy at Fincantieri’s shipyard in Muggiano (La Spezia). It is the eighth of a series of 10 vessels of the FREMM program – Multi Mission European Frigates – commissioned to Fincantieri as part of the international Italian-French program, coordinated by OCCAR (the Organisation for Joint Armament Cooperation). Orizzonte Sistemi Navali (51% Fincantieri and 49% Leonardo) is the prime contractor for Italy in the FREMM program, which envisions the construction of 10 units, all already ordered.
«Antonio Marceglia» (F-597) is the eighth unit built by Fincantieri that includes the combat system, the fourth in multipurpose configuration after the «Carlo Bergamini» (F-590), the «Luigi Rizzo» (F-595) and the «Federico Martinengo» (F-596), delivered to the Italian Navy respectively in 2013, 2017 and 2018. Measuring 472.4 feet/144 meters of length and with a displacement at full load of approximately 6,700 tons, the FREMM frigates represent technological excellence: designed to reach a maximum speed of 27 knots/31 mph/50 km/h and to provide accommodation for 200 people (crew and staff), these vessels are able to always guarantee a high degree of flexibility and to operate in a wide range of scenarios and tactical situations.
The FREMM program, representing the Italian and European defence state of the art, stems from the renewal need of the Italian Navy «Lupo» class (already decommissioned) and «Maestrale» class (some of them already decommissioned, the remaining close to the attainment of operational limit) frigates, both built by Fincantieri starting from the 1970s.
These units – which will become the backbone of the naval fleet over the next decades –significantly contribute to the development of the tasks assigned to the Italian Navy, being able to operate in various sectors, from specific military purposes to those in favor of the community.
The German Navy plans the MKS 180 multi-purpose combat ship as an all-rounder. Mission modules will cover a wide range of missions – with superiority in naval combat the ultimate aim.
The MKS 180 will be an all-purpose weapon. Built-in modules designed for specific military missions will make this possible. These mission modules are at the heart of what «multipurpose combat ship» means in practice.
This modularity is the consequence of both the experience that the Bundeswehr now has with stabilization operations for conflict prevention and crisis management, some of which have lasted for years, as well as the requirements of a national and alliance defense in Europe.
The ship should be able to patrol large sea areas for a long time all over the world, monitor embargoes and, if necessary, evacuate German citizens from crisis situations, in the North Atlantic or the Mediterranean and, if necessary, engage in naval combat against other warships of its kind or underwater. No other single ship type can fulfill such a wide range of tasks so far.
The basic version of the MKS is already a full-fledged combat ship. Interchangeable components supplement this core capability and then adapt the ship for specialist missions. Two such mission modules are currently planned: one for Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) and one for custody module.
Self-defense and combat missions:
Creation of a maritime picture above and under water;
Maritime surveillance and embargo control, including boarding;
Military evacuation in crisis situations;
Escort for merchant ships;
Leadership of naval task forces;
Flexibility thanks to modular system.
The mission ASW module turns the MKS a dedicated submarine hunter. With onboard helicopters and their own sonars – in conjunction with the sensors of allied reconnaissance aircraft and submarines – the ship can secure a large sea area against dangers from the depths.
The custody module turns the MKS into a floating base for anti-piracy missions. Multiple cell rooms allow persons to be temporarily detained; An additional sanitary station makes medical examinations possible under quarantine conditions.
In addition to these two, the Navy plans more modules. One of them is equipped with a diving chamber and other special equipment for mine hunting.
The accommodation of the mission modules is divided into three areas in the ship. A so-called flex deck is located below the flight deck at the stern. Using an external crane, it can be equipped from the top through a hatch. Two additional flex decks are located approximately halfway along the length of the superstructure and can be accessed by an onboard multi-purpose container crane.
The Navy demands from the future shipbuilder that the replacement and commissioning of the modules can be carried out as quickly as possible and worldwide, without interfering with the ship’s structure and without a shipyard. In addition, the modules must withstand the climatic and oceanographic conditions that prevail in their respective field of application. Thus, the MKS will be able to travel in the tropics as well as possess an ice class to navigate polar waters.
Medium- and short-range anti-aircraft missiles;
Long-range anti-ship missiles;
Main gun 127-mm with extended-range ammunition;
Water cannons, heavy machine guns, marine light guns;
The modularity of the MKS has several advantages: Unused mission modules can be stored and maintained independently of their ship application platform. The modules do not have to be procured for each ship and can also be purchased independently, at other times. In case of changed operating conditions and technological advances, only the module needs to be modernized, and the standardized interfaces on board allow the development and insertion of new modules.
The size of the MKS ships is very impressive, compared to previous ships of the German Navy, notably because they need, among other things, enough space for the different modules.
The marine architects calculate a length of around 508.5 feet/155 meters for the MKS and a displacement of up to 9,000 tons of water. For comparison, the frigates of the «Baden-Württemberg» class are a good five meters shorter and nearly 2,000 tons smaller. And even these frigates are almost twice as large as the frigates of the «Bremen» class.
Compared to the frigates of the «Baden-Württemberg» class, which the Navy will put into service beginning this year, the MKS will adopt some features – above all automation and low maintenance of the technical equipment as well as the multi-crew concept.
This will also allow these new ships to remain in service for up to two years, while the crew of around 110 will rotate every four months. In addition to this regular crew, up to 70 people can be accommodated in the mission modules.
ATLAS ELEKTRONIK CANADA Ltd announced on April 12, 2019, an agreement with Magellan Aerospace Corporation for the design and development phase of the SeaSpider Anti Torpedo Torpedo (ATT) program. The initial CDN $19 million phase of the program was launched in January 2019 and is expected to conclude in 2023. Magellan will lead the design and development of the SeaSpider ATT rocket motor and warhead sections of the torpedo that includes design, build, test, and product qualification.
SeaSpider ATT is a new naval defence product by German ATLAS ELEKTRONIK, a company of ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems, that can be utilized by surface vessels and submarines for «hardkill» defence against attacking torpedoes. The capability of SeaSpider is a marked improvement over currently available anti-torpedo systems that reply on decoy and jammer countermeasures rather than, like SeaSpider, on destroying the attacking torpedo. This technology has initially been developed in Germany by ATLAS ELEKTRONIK together with the German Ministry of Defence and now gains a Canadian element in product development. The SeaSpider ATT will combine the best technology and decades of experience of ATLAS and Magellan – the expertise of ATLAS in Germany with torpedoes as well as submarine and naval systems – and the industry leading rocket technology of Magellan in Canada. ATLAS Canada is positioned to manage and support test and trials activity in Canada for ATLAS Germany and will provide final assembly and logistics services during serial production of the SeaSpider ATT.
«The partnership between ATLAS and Magellan will bring to market an innovative new torpedo defence system that will be the first of its kind, in this growing market», said Mr. Haydn Martin, Magellan’s Vice President, Business Development, Marketing and Contracts. «We welcome the opportunity to collaborate in this exciting new endeavor with the ATLAS Group».
«The SeaSpider ATT is a key element of ATLAS ELEKTRONIK’s global market strategy and this agreement with Magellan Aerospace signifies our commitment to grow our activities in Canada», said Michael Ozegowski, CEO of ATLAS ELEKTRONIK GmbH. «We expect SeaSpider to revolutionize torpedo defence and AntiSubmarine Warfare».
«With such a significant share of the SeaSpider ATT product and its development in Canada we are positioned to participate in a new and innovative product and grow our presence with jobs all across Canada while providing the Royal Canadian Navy and the global defence market with essential underwater defence capabilities», said Rick Gerbrecht, Managing Director of ATLAS ELEKTRONIK Canada Ltd. «Magellan Aerospace is the ideal partner for us».