All posts by Dmitry Shulgin

Christening of John

The USS John P. Murtha (LPD-26) was christened at Ingalls Shipbuilding on Saturday, March 21. The vessel is named after the late U.S. Rep. John Murtha, a Democrat from the 12th district, who was the longest-serving congressman in Pennsylvania history. His daughter, Donna Murtha, sponsored the ship and performed the traditional breaking of a bottle of American sparkling wine across the ship’s bow.

For safety reasons, the bottle of sparkling wine is encased in sheetmetal in the Ingalls shops and wrapped by a shipbuilder in decorative ribbons of red, white and blue
For safety reasons, the bottle of sparkling wine is encased in sheetmetal in the Ingalls shops and wrapped by a shipbuilder in decorative ribbons of red, white and blue

House Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi, D-California, was the featured speaker at the ceremony. «Jack Murtha poured everything – everything he was, everything he had – into the service of our country and the lives of the American people», she said of her colleague, who represented Pennsylvania’s 12th Congressional District for 36 years until his death in 2010. «To watch Chairman Murtha legislate was to see a master at work, but more indicative of his character was to watch him communicate with our men and women in uniform, whether on the battlefield or at their bedside. He knew how serious a responsibility it is to send our men and women into harm’s way, and he was unwavering in his conviction that we must honor their sacrifice not only with our words but our deeds. Like its namesake, the John P. Murtha will provide our servicemen and women the means to enter the battle and to make their way back home», Pelosi continued. «Congratulations to Ingalls Shipbuilding and all of the hard-working men and women who have put their skill and determination into this ship and this special day».

Murtha’s daughter, Donna S. Murtha, is the ship sponsor. At the culmination of the ceremony, she smashed a bottle of sparkling wine across the bow of the ship, officially christening LPD 26 as the John P. Murtha. «May God bless this ship and all who sail in her», she said.

HII President and CEO Mike Petters also spoke at the ceremony. «Ingalls is building each ship better than the last, and the team’s performance – and the performance of the delivered LPDs – has strengthened the nation’s confidence in the LPD program», he said. «This was most recently demonstrated by the Navy’s request and the Congressional investment in the 12th San Antonio-class warship – and the Navy’s selection of this proven hull-form for its new LX(R) class of amphibious ships. Ingalls is making a difference».

«The ship we christen today honors Congressman John P. Murtha, who proudly served his country as both a Marine and a statesman for almost 40 years», said Ingalls Shipbuilding President Brian Cuccias. «I can’t imagine a more fitting namesake to represent the marvel of American technology, craftsmanship and strength that is LPD-26. Ingalls shipbuilders know that quality matters. We build our warships as though our own sons and daughters will take them into harm’s way – because they may. And because we owe our warfighters our very best. Our shipbuilders put their hearts and souls into every ship we build – as we have for generations. LPD-26 is no exception. Murtha was the most complete and lowest-cost LPD when she was launched, with many key systems finished months ahead of our historical best. So I’m extremely proud of our LPD-26 shipbuilders».

«Deep in the hull or on scaffolding hundreds of feet in the air – in the Deep South heat – these Mississippians are welding, painting and assembling the living quarters, galley, hospital and the command centers for those who serve», said Mississippi Lt. Gov. Tate Reeves. «You can see their commitment to a job well done – because they know the invaluable role they play in America’s national security».

Ingalls Shipbuilding Christens Amphibious Transport Dock John P. Murtha
Ingalls Shipbuilding Christens Amphibious Transport Dock John P. Murtha

 

John P. Murtha (LPD-26)

The amphibious transport dock ship John P. Murtha (LPD-26) is the tenth ship in the San Antonio Class. LPD-26 is named in honor of Congressman John P. Murtha, who represented Pennsylvania’s 12th Congressional District for 36 years – from 1974 until his death in 2010. In addition to his tenured history in the House of Representatives, Murtha was also a veteran of the United States Marine Corps and Reserves. He served a distinguished 37 years, receiving the Bronze Star with Combat «V», two Purple Hearts and the Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry for his service in the Vietnam War. He retired as a colonel in 1990.

Amphibious transport dock ships (LPD) are warships that embark, transport, and land elements of a landing force for a variety of expeditionary warfare missions. LPDs are used to transport and land Marines, their equipment and supplies by embarked Landing Craft Air Cushion (LCAC) or conventional landing craft (Landing Craft Utility, LCU) and Expeditionary Fighting Vehicles (EFV) or Amphibious Assault Vehicles (AAV) augmented by helicopters or vertical take-off and landing aircraft (MV-22). These ships support amphibious assault, special operations or expeditionary warfare missions and can serve as secondary aviation platforms for amphibious ready groups.

Collectively, the San Antonio LPD-17 class ships will functionally replace more than 41 amphibious ships (LPD-4, LSD-36, LKA-113 and LST-1179 classes of amphibious ships) providing the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps with modern, seabased platforms that are networked, survivable, and built to operate with 21st century transformational platforms, such as the MV-22 Osprey aircraft, the Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle (EFV), and future means by which Marines are delivered ashore.

A contract for final design and construction of San Antonio (LPD-17), the lead ship in the class, was awarded in December 1996; actual construction commenced in June 2000. USS San Antonio was delivered to the Navy in July 2005. LPDs 18-25 have also been delivered to the U.S. Navy. New York (LPD-21) is the first of three LPD 17-class ships built in honor of the victims of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.

The ships bow stem was constructed using 7.5 tons of steel salvaged from the World Trade Center. The Navy named the 8th and 9th ships of the class – Arlington and Somerset – in honor of the victims of the attacks on the Pentagon and United Flight 93, respectively. Materials from those sites were also incorporated into Arlington and Somerset.

LPDs 26-27 are currently under construction at Huntington Ingalls Industries (HII) on the Gulf Coast, and will deliver over the next few years. The keel of LPD-27 was laid in August 2013, LPD-26 was launched in October 2014. In fiscal year 2015, the purchase of long lead-time materials for LPD-28 was approved.

John P. Murtha (LPD-26) is the tenth ship in the San Antonio Class
John P. Murtha (LPD-26) is the tenth ship in the San Antonio Class

 

General Characteristics

Builder Huntington Ingalls Industries
Displacement Approximately 24,900 long tons/25,300 metric tons full load
Length 208.5 m/684 feet overall
Beam 31.9 m/105 feet extreme
Draft 7 m/23 feet
Propulsion 4 sequentially turbocharged marine Colt-Pielstick Diesels, 2 shafts, 41,600 shaft horsepower/31,021 kW
Speed In excess of 22 knots/25 mph/41 km/h
Crew 374 Sailors (28 officers, 346 enlisted Sailors) and 3 Marines
Embarked Marine Expeditionary Force of 699 (66 officers, 633 enlisted), surge capacity to 800
Armament 2 × Bushmaster II 30-mm Close in Guns, fore and aft
2 × Rolling Airframe Missile (RAM) launchers for air defense, fore and aft
10 × 12.7-mm .50 calibre machine guns
Aircraft Launch or land two CH53E Super Stallion helicopters or
Two MV-22 Osprey tilt rotor aircraft or
Up to four CH-46E Sea Knight helicopters, AH-1 or UH-1 helicopters
Landing/Attack Craft Two LCACs or one LCU
14 EFV/AAV
Ships USS San Antonio (LPD-17)
USS New Orleans (LPD-18)
USS Mesa Verde (LPD-19)
USS Green Bay (LPD-20)
USS New York (LPD-21)
USS San Diego (LPD-22)
USS Anchorage (LPD-23)
USS Arlington (LPD-24)
USS Somerset (LPD-25)
USS John P. Murtha (LPD-26)
USS Portland (LPD-27)
(LPD-28)

 

Ingalls Shipbuilding Launches John P. Murtha (LPD-26) on October 30, 2014

 

NATO Standards

UkrOboronProm is ready to upgrade about 300 tanks T-72, which are now in army reserve, to meet NATO standards. According to UkrOboronProm Deputy Director General of Operations Yurii Pashchenko, modernized units can solve some crucial problems of Ukrainian army.

The concern is willing to modernize the old Ukrainian T-72 tanks and upgrade them up to the PT-91 Twardy standard
The concern is willing to modernize the old Ukrainian T-72 tanks and upgrade them up to the PT-91 Twardy standard

During round table «Problems of Ukraine’s military-industrial complex reforming», Yurii Pashchenko mentioned that modernized, in accordance with international standards, military equipment will help to further strengthen Ukrainian army, which needs fast and efficient rearming today.

«Tank T-72 is not in service of Ukrainian Army: There are almost 300 of these tanks in Ukraine and we suggested to Ministry of Defence to upgrade them up to tanks PT-91 – Polish main battle tanks – to meet NATO standards», – stressed Yurii Pashchenko. He also noted that Polish side gave Ukrainian military a chance to test PT-91 samples in their proving ground.

According to Defence24.com (Poland), Ukrainian Armed Forces fighting in Donbass use mostly the T-64B tanks, some of which have been modernized up to the T-64BM standard. It was in February this year, when information has been released that training of the reserve forces in the Kharkov area would involve both the T-64B, as well as the T-72 tanks. According to the earlier reports, plans had been made to deliver some T-72 tanks to the units of the National Guard.

The T-72B tanks are being widely used by the pro-Russian forces. The rebels also use the T-72B3 variant which is the latest derivative of that tank, utilized by the Russian military.

T-72AG upgraded tank (Manufacturer: State Enterprise «Kyiv armored plant») is combat tracked vehicle, which has powerful rocket-artillery armaments, reliable armored protection and high maneuverability. It is intended for resolving of wide scope of tasks and is capable to engage tanks and other armored objects of enemy, manpower, anti-tank and artillery means etc.

Almost 300 T-72 tanks are being stored within the Ukrainian territory, however they are currently not being actively used by the Army
Almost 300 T-72 tanks are being stored within the Ukrainian territory, however they are currently not being actively used by the Army

 

Main Specifications T-72AG

Weight of tank with combat unit 44 t
Crew 3
Specific power 19.53 hp/t
Specific pressure 0.877 kgf/cm2
Movement speed:
maximum on highway 60 km/h/37 mph
average on dirt road 30-40 km/h/19-25 mph
Cruising range:
on highway 700 km/435 miles
on dirt road 460-650 km/286-404 miles
Engine:
mark V-84-1
power 840 hp/626 kW
Armament
Gun:
mark 2А46М, with thermal cover
caliber 125-mm/4.92 inch
guided missile 9М119
firing range from 100 to 5,000 m/from 328 to 16,404 feet
Maximum firing range:
with APT and  APIT projectiles 4,000 m/13,123 feet
with HEI and FT projectiles 4,000 m/13,123 feet
with HE projectiles 5,000 m/16,404 feet
Coaxial machinegun with grenade:
mark PKT
caliber 12.7-mm/0.50 inch
Anti-aircraft gun:
mark NSV-12,7
caliber 12.7-mm/0.50 inch
Guided armament system 9К119 «Refleks»
Effective firing range from 100 to 5,000 m/from 328 to 16,404 feet
Rate of fire of the system 3 rounds per min
Sighting system 1А43, composed of:
sight range-finder 1G46
scope of measuring of range finder 400-5,000 m/1,312-16,404 feet
Ballistic computer 1V517M
Commander’s sighting complex PNK-4S «Agat», composed of:
sight TKN-4S
Aiming range:
day 4,000 m/13,123 feet
night 800 m/2,625 feet
Night sighting complex ТО1-КО1 «Buran», composed of:
sight TPN-4
sighting range 1,400 m/4,593 feet
Fire control system:
mark ZPU 1ETs29 «Irtysh»
type stabilized in vertical and horizontal planes
Automatic loader:
type electro-mechanical
capacity 22 rounds
loading time 8 sec
Armament stabilizer:
mark 2E42
type biplanar
In-built ERA system
Communication means, composed of:
radio station R-173
radio receiver R-173P
tank intercom system R-174
Polish side gave Ukrainian military a chance to test PT-91 samples in their proving ground
Polish side gave Ukrainian military a chance to test PT-91 samples in their proving ground

American Scout

MD Helicopters Inc. (MDHI) announced the MD 530G Scout Attack Helicopter at the 2015 Langkawi International Maritime & Aerospace (LIMA) Exhibition at the Mashuri International Exhibition Centre, 17-21 March 2015. The MD 530G has been conceived from the start as a purpose-built gunship that is based on the combat-proven OH-6A airframe.

The MD 530G Scout Attack helicopter is a fully integrated gunship with a highly capable, customizable mission equipment package
The MD 530G Scout Attack helicopter is a fully integrated gunship with a highly capable, customizable mission equipment package

«MD Helicopters has delivered the safest, most reliable rotorcraft to global civil, military and paramilitary customers for more than five decades», says Craig Kitchen, Chief Commercial Officer for MD Helicopters. «We are excited for our first appearance at Langkawi, and the opportunity to introduce the region’s commercial, government, military and maritime defence delegations to MD’s fleet of armed single-engine 500-Series helicopters».

MD Helicopters will welcome LIMA 2015 attendees at a 2,700 square meter chalet that will highlight the company’s scout attack helicopter capabilities and the contributions of the industry-leading organizations whose technologies, systems and products played an integral role in bringing the MD 530G to market.

«As the mid-range model in our scout attack family», Kitchen continues, «the MD 530G is a hot and high performer capable of delivering both suppressive fire and precision strike capabilities in support of a range of mission profiles. With integrated on-board systems that include the MOOG Stores Management System, forward looking infrared sensors from L3-Wescam and an advanced communications suite from Harris, this proven platform delivers comprehensive battlefield command and control coordination».

The Moog Third Generation Weapon Stores Management System (SMS) provides the aviator with best-in-class weapons management on the MD 530G Armed Scout/Attack platform
The Moog Third Generation Weapon Stores Management System (SMS) provides the aviator with best-in-class weapons management on the MD 530G Armed Scout/Attack platform

The complete range of MD Scout Attack Helicopters delivers superior hot-high performance along with proven lethality in a range of air-to-ground support and close-air-combat scenarios by integrating the best in advanced avionics, communications and weapons management systems, a choice of multistation weapons platforms, and customizable armaments that include:

  • the Dillon Aero M134 Machine Gun;
  • the 12.7-mm .50 caliber FN Herstal Heavy Machine Gun Pod (HMP) and Rocket Machine Gun Pod (RMP);
  • Raytheon’s laser-guided TALON 2.75 inch/70-mm rockets and Griffin Missile System;
  • Lockheed Martin’s anti-armor Hellfire Missiles.
The MX-10D EO/IR sensor
The MX-10D EO/IR sensor

The MD 530G on display at LIMA will feature the 650 shp/485 kW Rolls Royce 250-C30 engine, longer main-rotor blades, high-capacity landing gear, the Moog Stores Management System (SMS), Harris Corporation’s RF-7850A-UA tactical radio, the Mace Aviation Extended Range Weapons Wing (ER2W), FN Herstal Machine Gun Pods and Rocket Machine Pods, Dillon Aero M134D-H Mini-Gun, the L-3 Wescam MX-10, and M260 rocket pod with TALON 2.75 inch/70-mm laser-guided rockets.

Powered by the Rolls-Royce 250-C30 turbine engine, the aircraft has a top cruising speed of 110 knots/127 mph/204 km/h indicated air-speed and can carry a useful load of 1,900 lbs/862 kg over a range of 280 NM/519 km.

«With global threat levels on the rise, our ability to respond to the emergent requirements of the United States and our Allies is more important than ever before», Kitchen concludes. «MD Helicopters has a capability unmatched by other OEMs in our space to deliver purpose-built solutions faster and with more reliability for virtually any mission requirement».

General characteristics
General characteristics

 

Technical Specifications

Length:                                                               32.14 feet/9.40 m

Rotor diameter:                                             27.50 feet/8.38 m

Height:                                                                 8.65 feet/2.64 m

Powerplant:              1 × Allison 250-C30 Turboshaft, 650 shp/485 kW

Max Cruise Speed:                                        110 knots/127 mph/204 km/h

Max Permitted Speed:                                152 knots/175 mph/282 km/h

Range:                                                                   230 NM/265 miles/426 km

Endurance w/aux fuel tank:                     2.5 hours

The gun is accurate up to 1,850 meters and remains effective up to 3,000 meters. Its high rate of fire - up to 1,100 rounds per minute - provides lethal fire concentration
The gun is accurate up to 1,850 meters and remains effective up to 3,000 meters. Its high rate of fire – up to 1,100 rounds per minute – provides lethal fire concentration

Empty Weight:                                                 1,850 lbs/839 kg

Useful Load:                                                       1,900 lbs/862 kg

Maximum Internal Gross Weight:        3,350 lbs/1,520 kg

Maximum Takeoff Gross Weight:         3,750 lbs/1,701 kg

 

 

 

 

COBRA attack

At this year’s IDEX Exhibition, RUAG Defence, the leading Swiss technology group and partner for international armed forces, proudly launches its latest innovation the 120-mm Mortar System COBRA. Cobras possess agility, precision and effectiveness and this is reflected in RUAG’s 120-mm Mortar System through latest technologies, maximum flexibility and operation simplicity.

Electrical drives make the system highly accurate, while ballistic computing enables MRSI firing (Multiple Rounds Simultaneous Impact)
Electrical drives make the system highly accurate, while ballistic computing enables MRSI firing (Multiple Rounds Simultaneous Impact)

RUAG has drawn on over 40 years of experience and innovation in artillery to design the COBRA. The COBRA is a modular system configured to suit individual requirements and comes equipped with a semi-automatic loader system. The loading machine secures quick and safe loading in any situation and in the most extreme weather conditions day and night.

The RUAG COBRA Mortar System features fully electronic drives, allowing enhanced shoot-and-scoot capabilities (alternatively, fire-and-displace or fire-and-move) with consistent reliability and maximum accuracy over its effective range of 9 km/5.6 miles. Thanks to its innovative and compact design, the COBRA can easily be integrated into any light-weight tracked or wheeled vehicle platform.

The RUAG COBRA Mortar System incorporates RUAG’s ballistic computing allowing automatic gun laying and Multi-Round Single Impact (MRSI) capabilities. The system is designed to fire any standard 120-mm ammunition including latest generation smart ammunition.

The COBRA is available with a complete suite of quality training solutions and logistic services based on RUAG’s all-round approach to artillery.

COBRA protects users against incorrect operation or double loading when operating at night or in extreme weather
COBRA protects users against incorrect operation or double loading when operating at night or in extreme weather

 

Technology facts

Range:                                 7 to 9 km/4.3 to 5.6 miles

Caliber:                               120 mm

Barrel length:                  1,600 mm/63 inch – 2,000 mm/79 inch

Ammunition:                   1,200 mm/47 inch

Weight:

1,200 kg/2,646 lbs (without loading machine)

1,350 kg/2,976 lbs (with loading machine)

Recoil Force:                   30 tonnes/30 milliseconds

Shoot of first round:   <60 seconds

Scoot from firing:         immediate

The compact design keeps things simple for users and allows easy integration into a wide variety of vehicle types
The compact design keeps things simple for users and allows easy integration into a wide variety of vehicle types

 

http://www.ruag-cobra-mortar-system.com/

The 120-mm RUAG COBRA Mortar System

 

Stealth Submarine

17 March 2015, the Swedish Minister of Defence, Peter Hultqvist, announced that the Swedish government intends to give a mandate to the Armed Forces to order the Saab two submarines of the next generation, A26, of a total amount of $931,146/SEK 8.2 billion.

New Generation Submarine A26 (Artist Impression)
New Generation Submarine A26 (Artist Impression)

Saab Group has not received any order on production of the new submarine but Saab Kockums – a shipyard in Malmö, Sweden, owned by the Swedish defence company Saab Group – looks forward to the discussions, which will lead to an agreement and order for A26. This will be a part of an earlier signed Letter of Intent.

Saab and FMV (Försvarets MaterielVerk, The Swedish Defence Material Administration) signed a Letter of Intent in June 2014 regarding the Swedish Armed Forces’ underwater capability for the period 2015-2024. The Letter of Intent comprises support, development, design and production of submarines and other underwater systems, corresponding to potential orders of approximately $1,271,809/SEK 11.2 billion, provided that necessary decisions are made.

Innovations contributing to greater freedom of action by the Kockums A26 submarine include optimized GHOST (Genuine HOlistic STealth) for virtual invisibility, high invulnerability to underwater explosions, and excellent hydrodynamic properties that allow exceptional manoeuvrability
Innovations contributing to greater freedom of action by the Kockums A26 submarine include optimized GHOST (Genuine HOlistic STealth) for virtual invisibility, high invulnerability to underwater explosions, and excellent hydrodynamic properties that allow exceptional manoeuvrability

 

Kockums A26

Saab’s Kockums A26 uses the latest stealth technology and advanced network-centric communication to allow submarines to integrate their communications with those of other defence forces and civilian agencies. Operational flexibility, together with a comprehensive weapons suite, enables it to carry out a wide variety of missions.

In today’s ever-changing naval environment, Saab keeps ahead by developing the best technology crucial to crisis response, deterrence, peacekeeping and peace enforcement operations. The Kockums A26 combines ocean-going seaworthiness with regard to rough seas, long distances and Littoral Supremacy – making it the world’s most effective Air-Independent Propulsion (AIP) submarine.

The Kockums A26 is an effective addition to any modern naval force that can effectively carry out national defence tasks, intelligence gathering, surveillance and reconnaissance, offensive operations, anti-submarine warfare, mine-laying and special operations.

The powerful Kockums A26 submarine is designed for the following missions:

  • Maritime security operations, including detecting and responding appropriately against illegal activities;
  • Intelligence operations, covert in hostile areas, including acoustic, visual, electronic and communication intelligence, which may entail deployment of unmanned maritime vehicles;
  • Covert mine countermeasure operations, including mine searching and clearance using unmanned underwater vehicles;
  • Special operations by carrying, deploying and retrieving special forces along with equipment and underwater vehicles;
  • Anti-submarine warfare by searching, locating and classifying approaching and attacking submarines, and by countering other submarines;
  • Anti-surface warfare where both internal sensor data and/or external target information is used;
  • Mine-laying in covert mode;
  • Underwater work such as manipulating, deploying, retrieving or destroying underwater objects and installations
Unmanned Underwater Vehicles, including Remotely Operated Underwater Vehicles, can also be deployed through the portal
Unmanned Underwater Vehicles, including Remotely Operated Underwater Vehicles, can also be deployed through the portal

 

The Multimission Portal for diverse missions

A key unique feature of the Kockums A26 submarine is the Multimission Portal designed to launch and retrieve diverse mission payloads, including those for special operations. The portal is arranged between the 530 mm/20.87 inch weapon tubes and has a length of 6 m and diameter of 1.5 m/5 feet in which up to 8 divers can sit ready for a mission in the sea.

At the end of the Multimission Portal is an ocean interface through which both divers and equipment used in various missions, including Unmanned Undersea Vehicles (UUVs) and Remotely Operated Underwater Vehicles (ROVs), pass while the submarine is hovering or lying on the sea bottom. Mine countermeasures can also be launched through the portal. Built-In-Breathing System (BIBS) connections are present for use by divers, if necessary, while waiting to leave the Multimission Portal.

The flexibility of design enables the Multimission Portal to be prepared for future payloads of unconventional shape and size such as different types of non-specified UUVs, sensor devices or other bottom-laying devices. Support systems for the portal include those for pressurisation and decompression of the portal, supervision and communication.

The combat system of the Kockums A26 submarine is managed from a Saab Combat Management System (CMS) specially developed for this submarine
The combat system of the Kockums A26 submarine is managed from a Saab Combat Management System (CMS) specially developed for this submarine

 

Technical Specifications

Length ~62 m/203.4 feet
Draught surfaced ~6 m/19.7 feet
Displacement ~1800 tonnes (surfaced)
Max diving depth >200 m/656.2 feet
Standard complement 26 persons
Weapon tubes 4
Weapons 530 mm/20.87 inch torpedoes
400 mm/15.75 inch torpedoes
Mines
Heavy weapons >15
Multimission Portal Length >6 m/20 feet
Multimission Portal Diameter >1.5 m/5 feet
UUV capacity Launch and recovery through the Multimission Portal
Countermeasures Inboard/outboard countermeasures launchers
Operating sea water temperature From -2 to +32 ºC
Operating sea water density 1003-1032 kg/m3
Propulsion AIP (Stirling) and diesel-electric, single-shaft
Mission endurance >45 days
Max AIP speed >6 knots/6.9mph/11.1 km/h (submerged)
Max snorting speed >12 knots/13.8 mph/22.2 km/h (continuous)
AIP endurance >18 days (at patrol speed)

 

Light Armed Helicopter

Airbus Helicopters will join with Korea Aerospace Industries in developing two 5-ton class rotorcraft that meet South Korea’s requirements for its next-generation Light Civil Helicopter (LCH) and Light Armed Helicopter (LAH). As the LCH and LAH competition winner, Airbus Helicopters will continue its highly successful relationship with Korea Aerospace Industries, including the joint program that developed Korea’s Surion twin-engine utility helicopter.

Airbus Helicopters’ Dauphin family rotorcraft – on which the LAH and LCH are based – have been delivered to more than 60 customers, with over 1,000 of these helicopters logging nearly five million flight hours in service
Airbus Helicopters’ Dauphin family rotorcraft – on which the LAH and LCH are based – have been delivered to more than 60 customers, with over 1,000 of these helicopters logging nearly five million flight hours in service

«We would like to express our deep gratitude to Korea Aerospace Industries and the South Korean government for entrusting us with this major helicopter program», said Airbus Helicopters President Guillaume Faury. «We are committing our full support in ensuring the LCH and LAH projects will be completed on time, on cost and to specification».

Both the LCH and LAH aircrafts will be based on Airbus Helicopters’ H155 (formerly known as the EC155) – the latest evolution of its best-selling Dauphin family, which includes the Panther military and parapublic variants that have demonstrated their capabilities in operation around the world. As part of the new commitment, Airbus Helicopters will transfer the company’s technical know-how – as already demonstrated in the Surion program – to ensure Korea is able to develop its newest indigenous products, which will become leading next-generation light rotorcraft in the 5 metric ton weight category.

«The LCH and LAH programs will build on our collaboration with Korea Aerospace Industries on the Surion, which has become a reference in successful rotorcraft collaboration. By continuing our relationship, we will significantly reduce the risks of these two new development programs, while meeting all of the mission requirements», added Faury. The LCH version is expected to enter service in 2020 while the service introduction of the LAH is targeted for 2022.

Norbert Ducrot, Airbus Helicopters’ Head of North Asia, expressed confidence of the program’s success, which will see parallel development of both the civilian and military versions. «Not only do we have a strong partnership with Korea Aerospace Industries, we have also a proven track record of continued civil and military developments on which the two partners will capitalize for these two programs», he stated.

The H155 features the same digital four-axis autopilot that Republic of Korea pilots have come to appreciate when flying the Surion, and ensures outstanding hover performance in extreme conditions, along with highly accurate settings for altitude, speed and heading
The H155 features the same digital four-axis autopilot that Republic of Korea pilots have come to appreciate when flying the Surion, and ensures outstanding hover performance in extreme conditions, along with highly accurate settings for altitude, speed and heading

 

Airbus H155

Maximum Takeoff Weight:     4,920 kg/10,846 lbs

Useful load:                                       2,301 kg/5,073 lbs

Capacity:                                            2 pilots + 13 passengers

Maximum cargo sling load:      1,600 kg/3,527 lbs

Engine:               2 Turbomeca Arriel 2C2, turboshaft engines, FADEC*

Maximum emergency power (OEI**) :  785 kW/1,053 shp

Fast cruise speed:                          278 km/h/173 mph/150 knots

Range:                                                  905 km/489 NM

Endurance:                                        4 h 42 min

* Full Authority Digital Electronic Control

** One Engine Inoperative

Airbus H155's cockpit
Airbus H155’s cockpit

French Caiman

According to Defense-Aerospace.com, the Caiman helicopter has now obtained its combat qualification in the Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) role. Friday, March 13, 2015 was an important date in the history of the NH90 Caiman Marine helicopter, which after qualifying to operate the MU90 lightweight torpedo had been certified as having attained an initial combat capability by the French Navy staff.

A French navy NH90 Caiman anti-submarine warfare helicopter seen here during operational trials of its primary ASW weapon, the MU90 lightweight torpedo. The helicopter has now obtained its combat qualification in the ASW role (FR navy photo)
A French navy NH90 Caiman anti-submarine warfare helicopter seen here during operational trials of its primary ASW weapon, the MU90 lightweight torpedo. The helicopter has now obtained its combat qualification in the ASW role (FR navy photo)

This is a significant milestone for the FREMM frigate/Caiman operational duo, which is qualified for engaging the most up-to-date submarine threats at longer stand-off ranges.

The French Navy’s Caiman saga began with the delivery of the first helicopter on May 2010. It was followed in December 2011 by the type’s first «rescue alert» mission on the Atlantic coast and on a nation-wide stand-by for «maritime anti-terrorism» missions. In February 2013, the Caiman qualified for the «Ship-based Anti-Submarine Warfare» mission, in support of the Navy’s strategic missile submarines and of the aircraft carrier task force.

A naval Caiman is currently deployed on board the air-defense frigate Chevalier Paul (D621), which is currently deployed to the Middle East on operation Arromanches.

The mission system in the NH90 NFH is an all-in-one system that allows autonomous and joint ASW, ASuW and SAR operations without role change
The mission system in the NH90 NFH is an all-in-one system that allows autonomous and joint ASW, ASuW and SAR operations without role change

 

MAIN CHARACTERISTICS

 

External Dimensions

Overall dimensions (rotors turning)

Length:                                                                                19.56 m (64.18 ft)

Width:                                                                                  16.30 m (53.48 ft)

Height:                                                                                  5.31 m (17.42 ft)

External Dimensions
External Dimensions

 

Weights

Maximum Gross Weight:                                           10,600 kg (23,369 lb)

Alternate Gross Weight:                                            11,000 kg (24,250 lb)

Empty Weight:                                                                  6,400 kg (14,109 lb)

Useful Load:                                                                        4,200 kg (9,260 lb)

 

Cargo Capacity

Cargo Hook:                                                                        4,000 kg (8,818 lb)

Single or dual Rescue Hoist:                                      270 kg (595 lb)

Rescue Hoist on ground:                                             400 kg (880 lb)

Crew (2 + 1); 20 troops in full crashworthy or up to 12 strechers

Cargo Capacity
Cargo Capacity

 

Fuel Capacity

7-Cell Internal System:                                                2,035 kg (4,486 lb)

Internal Auxiliary Fuel Tanks (each):                   400 kg (882 lb)

External Auxiliary Fuel Tanks (each)                   292 kg (644 lb)

or                                                                                               500 kg (1,102 lb)

 

Internal Dimensions

Width:                                                                                    2.00 m (6.56 ft)

Length:                                                                                   4.80 m (15.75 ft)

Height:                                                                                   1.58 m (5.18 ft)

Volume:                                                                                 15.20 m³ (536.78 ft³)

Sliding doors opening:                                    1.60 × 1.50 m (5.25 × 4.92 ft)

Rear ramp opening:                                          1.78 × 1.58 m (5.84 × 5.18 ft)

Internal Dimensions
Internal Dimensions

 

NH90 General Performance (Basic Aircraft, at 10,000 kg)

Maximum Cruise Speed:                                               300 km/h (162 kts)

Economical Cruise Speed:                                            260 km/h (140 kts)

Maximum Rate of Climb:                                              11.2 m/s (2,200 ft/min)

OEI (One Engine Inoperative) Rate of Climb 2 min Rating:        4.3 m/s (850 ft/min)

OEI Rate of Climb Continuous Rating at 2000 m (6560 ft):       1.5 m/s (300 ft/min)

Hover Ceiling IGE (In Ground Effect):                   3,200 m (10,500 ft)

Hover Ceiling OGE (Out of Ground Effect):      2,600 m (8,530 ft)

Maximum Range:                                                               982 km (530 NM)

Maximum Range with 2,500 kg payload:             900 km (486 NM)

Maximum Endurance:                                                     5 h

Ferry Range (with Internal Aux Fuel Tanks):     1,600 km (864 NM)

 

Power System – Twin engine with dual channel FADEC

(Full Authority Digital Electronic Control)

Two Turbomecca (RTM 322-01/9 or RTM 322-01/9A enhanced version)

or

Two General Electric (GE T700/T6E1 or CT7-8F5 enhanced version)

Tactical 360° radar capable of multiple track while scan, auto initialisation and ISAR (Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar)
Tactical 360° radar capable of multiple track while scan, auto initialisation and ISAR (Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar)

 

NH90 Engines Power Ratings

(Uninstalled power data-ISA/Sea Level)

 

RATING                                                                                     RTM 322-01/9

OEI 30 sec (100%):                                                              2,172 kW (2,913 shp)

OEI 2 min:                                                                                 1,855 kW (2,488 shp)

OEI Continuous:                                                                   1,781 kW (2,388 shp)

AEO TOP (All Engines Operating)(30 min) (x2):1,781 kW (2,388 shp)

AEO Continuous (x2):                                                        1,664 kW (2,231 shp)

 

RATING                                                                                     GE T700/T6E1 (*)

OEI 30 sec (100%):                                                              2,095 kW (2,809 shp)

OEI 2 min:                                                                                 1,842 kW (2,470 shp)

OEI 60 min:                                                                              1,692 kW (2,269 shp)

AEO TOP (30 min) (x2):                                                    1,692 kW (2,269 shp)

AEO Continuous (x2):                                                        1,577 kW (2,115 shp)

(*) GE engines with Integrated Particle Separator (IPS)

 

Role Equipment

Door mounted pintle machine gun (7.62 mm or 12.7 mm)

Armour protection for cabin (modular)

Self-protection suite

Dipping sonar capable of Low Frequency Continuous Wave and Frequency Modulation
Dipping sonar capable of Low Frequency Continuous Wave and Frequency Modulation

Maiden deployment

Five E-2D Advanced Hawkeyes assigned to Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron (VAW) 125 will make their maiden deployment as part of Carrier Air Wing (CVW) 1 aboard the aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71).

True 360-degree radar coverage provides uncompromised all-weather tracking and situational awareness
True 360-degree radar coverage provides uncompromised all-weather tracking and situational awareness

The E-2D Advanced Hawkeye is set to replace the E-2C Hawkeye in its primary mission to provide airborne early warning and command and control capabilities for all aircraft-carrier battle groups. While the primary mission for the E-2 has not changed, the Advanced Hawkeye is able to gather and process data more precisely and efficiently thanks to state-of-the-art radar and communication equipment.

«Suppose you’re looking through a pair of goggles, with the E-2C you have 20/20 vision, and with the E-2D you have 20/10», said Cmdr. Daryl Trent, commanding officer of VAW-125. «It has significantly advanced radar, its computer processing capabilities have been increased and the communication suites have been enhanced. This plane is a real game-changer».

The Advanced Hawkeye’s technology makes it a multi-mission platform through its ability to coordinate concurrent missions, which may arise during a single flight. These missions can include airborne strike, ground force support, rescue operations and managing a reliable communications network capable of supporting drug interdiction operations.

Along with advances in equipment, the Advanced Hawkeye’s all-glass cockpit boasts an entirely digital display, an upgrade that allows the co-pilot to act as the Tactical 4th Operator (T4O).

A completely new radar featuring both mechanical and electronic scanning capabilities
A completely new radar featuring both mechanical and electronic scanning capabilities

«It’s not like before when everything was pressure gauges», said Trent. «Now everything is digital. This makes for a stronger ability to process information, and allows the co-pilot to change his display and access acquired data».

With the first five going out to sea, the Navy plans to continue procuring the Advanced Hawkeye to replace the Hawkeye through 2023.

«This aircraft has been in development for almost 20 years», said Trent. «Now that we’re set for our maiden deployment, and we get set to integrate with craft like the growler and the hornet, we’re going to become the most efficient carrier strike group in the fleet».

VAW-125 deploys as part of CVW-1 on a regularly scheduled deployment to the U.S. 5th and 6th Fleet areas of responsibility to conduct maritime security operations, theater security cooperation efforts and missions in support of Operation Enduring Freedom.

Open architecture compliant, commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS)-based hardware and software enables rapid, cost-wise technology refresh for consistent leading-edge mission tools
Open architecture compliant, commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS)-based hardware and software enables rapid, cost-wise technology refresh for consistent leading-edge mission tools

 

E-2D Advanced Hawkeye

The E-2D Advanced Hawkeye is a game changer in how the Navy will conduct battle management command and control. By serving as the «digital quarterback» to sweep ahead of strike, manage the mission, and keep our net-centric carrier battle groups out of harms way, the E-2D Advanced Hawkeye is the key to advancing the mission, no matter what it may be. The E-2D gives the warfighter expanded battlespace awareness, especially in the area of information operations delivering battle management, theater air and missile defense, and multiple sensor fusion capabilities in an airborne system.

The Hawkeye provides all-weather airborne early warning, airborne battle management and command and control functions for the Carrier Strike Group and Joint Force Commander
The Hawkeye provides all-weather airborne early warning, airborne battle management and command and control functions for the Carrier Strike Group and Joint Force Commander

Hardware with system characteristics that provides:

  • Substantial target processing capacity (>3,000 reports per second)
  • Three highly automated and common operator stations
  • High-capacity, flat-panel color high-resolution displays
  • Extensive video type selection (radar and identification friend/foe)
  • HF/VHF/UHF and satellite communications systems
  • Extensive data link capabilities
  • Inertial navigational system and global positioning system navigation and in-flight alignment
  • Integrated and centralized diagnostic system
  • Glass Cockpit allows software reconfigurable flight/mission displays
  • Cockpit – 4th tactical operator
  • Open architecture ensures rapid technology upgrades and customized configuration options
Fully Integrated «All Glass» Tactical Cockpit
Fully Integrated «All Glass» Tactical Cockpit

 

General Characteristics

Wingspan:                                           24.56 m/80 feet 7 in

Width, wings folded:                     8.94 m/29 feet 4 in

Length overall:                                  17.60 m/57 feet 8.75 in

Height overall:                                   5.58 m/18 feet 3.75 in

Diameter of rotodome:                7.32 m/24 feet

Weight empty:                                   19,536 kg/43,068 lbs

Internal fuel:                                       5,624 kg/12,400 lbs

Takeoff gross weight:                    26,083 kg/57,500 lbs

Maximum level speed:                  648 km/h/350 knots/403 mph

Maximum cruise speed:               602 km/h/325 knots/374 mph

Cruise speed:                                     474 km/h/256 knots/295 mph

Approach speed:                              200 km/h/108 knots/124 mph

Service ceiling:                                  10,576 m/34,700 feet

Minimum takeoff distance:       410 m/1,346 feet ground roll

Minimum landing distance:       537 m/1,764 feet ground roll

Ferry range:                                        2,708 km/1,462 NM

Crew Members:                               5

Power Plant:  2 × Rolls-Royce T56-A-427A, rated at 5,100 eshp each

Unrefueled:                                        >6 hours

In-flight refueling:                           12 hours

The E-2D is a twin engine, five crewmember, high-wing turboprop aircraft with a 24-foot diameter radar rotodome attached to the upper fuselage
The E-2D is a twin engine, five crewmember, high-wing turboprop aircraft with a 24-foot diameter radar rotodome attached to the upper fuselage

SCORPION programme

The French Defence Procurement Agency (DGA) notified Nexter Systems of the Leclerc tank renovation contract. This order constitutes the third operation launched by the French Ministry of Defence under the Synergie du COntact Renforcé par la Polyvalence et l’InfovalorisatiON (SCORPION) programme intended to modernise the French Army’s contact forces. Valued at approximately €330 million, the contract provides for the delivery of 200 «Renovated Leclerc» tanks and 18 «Renovated DCL» (Dépanneur du Char Leclerc – Leclerc tank repair) recovery vehicles from 2020.

The French army’s Leclerc main battle tank is one of the most advanced in the world, but despite a previous upgrade now requires a more radical modernization to keep it operationally effective until 2040 (French MoD photo)
The French army’s Leclerc main battle tank is one of the most advanced in the world, but despite a previous upgrade now requires a more radical modernization to keep it operationally effective until 2040 (French MoD photo)

The planned renovation work will enable the Leclerc to make the best use of its fire power and mobility within future SCORPION Joint Tactical Groups (GTIA). Thanks to the development of specific interfaces for the new COmmunications Numériques TACtiques et de ThéâtrE (CONTACT) tactical radio system and the Système d’Information et de Commandement SCORPION (SICS), it will be able to effectively network with all components of future SCORPION GTIAs. Moreover, the upgrade of its protection through the development of specific armour kits will enable the Leclerc tank to deal more effectively with new threats, such as improvised explosive devices.

A 3rd generation tank with a high degree of automation and diagnostic assistance, the Leclerc tank currently gives the French land forces «first entry» capability as part of an international coalition. The renovation operation launched aims to maintain this capacity beyond 2040.

The Leclerc is equipped with a CN120-26 120-mm smoothbore cannon
The Leclerc is equipped with a CN120-26 120-mm smoothbore cannon

 

Leclerc main battle tank

Mission

The Leclerc Main Battle Tank (MBT) enables armoured units to fight, defeat, and survive against an out-numbering enemy. Its ability to fire on-the-move, high firing rate and firepower, and exceptional mobility enables it to impose its rhythm on the enemy. It engages the enemy at a speed on 31 mph/50 km/h on all-terrains. It fights day and night, under all weather conditions and in contaminated zones.

Its all-purpose modular armouring, «hunter killer» function, stealth, agility and engagement distance award it an unequalled survival capacity.

The Leclerc has an eight-cylinder V8X-1500 1,500 hp Hyperbar diesel engine
The Leclerc has an eight-cylinder V8X-1500 1,500 hp Hyperbar diesel engine

 

Technical Characteristics

Requiring a crew of only 3 men thanks to its automatic loading system, its weight in combat order is less than 58 tons in its latest version and its nominal power rated at l,500 hp/1,118 kW. Fitted with hydropneumatic suspensions, its maximum speed is 45 mph/72 km/h on the road and 34 mph/55 km/h on all-terrains. Its main weapon is the standard NATO 120-mm/52 caliber and it is equipped with a coaxial 12.7-mm machine gun, as well as a 7.62-mm roof machine gun.

It is equipped with a commander stabilized 360° panoramic sight, laser rangefinder, day channel and thermal camera (in its latest versions) and a stabilized mantlet gunner sight with thermal camera, laser rangefinder, day channel and video channel.

Nexter Systems originally built 254 Leclerc MBTs for the French Army
Nexter Systems originally built 254 Leclerc MBTs for the French Army

Status

In service.

 

It’s not PowerPoint

Boeing and Saab have proven that Boeing’s Small Diameter Bomb I (SDB I), originally developed for use by aircraft, can be adapted for launch from a ground artillery system. The companies recently tested the Ground Launched Small Diameter Bomb (GLSDB), integrating the SDB I and M26 rocket motor technologies for the Multiple Launch Rocket System. The testing showed that the bomb can withstand a rocket artillery launch without its performance being compromised.

The weapon can do both high and low angles of attack, fly around terrain to hit targets on the back of mountains, or circle back around to attack a target behind the launch vehicle
The weapon can do both high and low angles of attack, fly around terrain to hit targets on the back of mountains, or circle back around to attack a target behind the launch vehicle

«GLSDB combines two highly successful, combat-proven systems into an effective ground forces offensive capability», said Beth Kluba, vice president, Boeing Weapons and Missile Systems. «Boeing and Saab bring together deep knowledge of precision weapon systems and can quickly and cost-effectively deliver GLSDB domestically and around the world. Moreover, this is not developmental, it’s not PowerPoint. It’ hardware, it exists, and through our investment we’re able to bring this capability to the war fighter very quickly».

GLSDB allows the artillery system to reach targets from significantly longer distances, and engage hard-to-reach targets, while maintaining the Small Diameter Bomb’s flight maneuverability and accuracy. Under a teaming agreement signed last year, Boeing and Saab will offer GLSDB to current and future rocket artillery users. The rocket motor used during testing was provided by Nammo.

«Saab and Boeing have a history of successful cooperation that now extends into yet another technology area – precision weapons systems», said Görgen Johansson, Head of the Dynamics Business Area within Saab AB. «Together, we now offer a new and game-changing capability for the U.S. as well as the global market».

The weapon is designed to be launched out of a Multiple Launch Rocket System, used by a number of US allies already, avoiding the need to design a new launch system. That MLRS can hold six weapons per pod, with two pods per vehicle
The weapon is designed to be launched out of a Multiple Launch Rocket System, used by a number of US allies already, avoiding the need to design a new launch system. That MLRS can hold six weapons per pod, with two pods per vehicle

 

Ground Launched Small Diameter Bomb

The Ground Launched Small Diameter Bomb revolutionizes rocket artillery. GLSDB will provide the warfighter with a long-range, precision fires weapon capable of conducting reverse slope engagements and defeating targets ranging from hardened facilities to soft-skinned assets. With 360-degree target engagement ability, GLSDB provides commanders and planners with a highly flexible weapon that complements existing ballistic trajectory weapons.

GLSDB is an integration of combat proven systems, not a developmental program. It builds upon Boeing’s highly successful Small Diameter Bomb Increment I and existing Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) rockets.

The SDB I is a 250-pound/113.3-kilogram class weapon with an Advanced Anti-Jam Global Positioning System aided Inertial Navigation System, combined with a multipurpose penetrating blast-and-fragmentation warhead and a programmable electronic fuze. The result of this integration is an innovative, low risk weapon that provides significantly more capability over current MLRS rockets.

More than 10,000 SDBs have been built at Boeing’s award-winning, modern production facility in St. Charles, Missouri. Since the first SDB delivery in April 2005, every weapon has been delivered on time and at cost.

The system essentially sticks a GBU-39B small diameter bomb, widely used by the US military and a number of international customers, on the front of a M26 rocket
The system essentially sticks a GBU-39B small diameter bomb, widely used by the US military and a number of international customers, on the front of a M26 rocket

 

General Characteristics

  • Increased range – extends range 60 km/37 miles beyond current Guided MLRS
  • Highly accurate
  • All angle, all aspect attack – even targets behind the launch point
  • Multiple rocket, multiple target, near simultaneous impact
  • All weather, 24/7 availability
  • Terrain avoidance, such as mountains
  • Cave breaching capability
  • Launches from hidden or protected positions to avoid detection
  • Programmable fuze provides impact and delay fuzing for deep penetration or proximity height-of-burst
  • SDB Focused Lethality Munition variant is also an option for low collateral damage
  • Laser SDB variant provides moving target capability

 

Key Performance Factors

  • Compatible with M270A1 MLRS and M142 HIMARS platforms
  • 150 km/93 miles range
  • 360-degree target engagement ability Six rockets per pod

 

Dimensions

  • Length: 154 in/3.9 m
  • Weight: 615 lbs/279 kg
The SDB I is a 250-pound/113.3-kilogram class weapon with an Advanced Anti-Jam Global Positioning System aided Inertial Navigation System, combined with a multipurpose penetrating blast-and-fragmentation warhead and a programmable electronic fuze
The SDB I is a 250-pound/113.3-kilogram class weapon with an Advanced Anti-Jam Global Positioning System aided Inertial Navigation System, combined with a multipurpose penetrating blast-and-fragmentation warhead and a programmable electronic fuze

Warhead

  • Penetrating blast fragmentation
  • Weight: 205 lbs/93 kg – 4340 steel cylindrical case with conical-shaped nose
  • Explosive Fill: 36 lbs/16 kg Insensitive Munition Certified
  • Fuse: Integrated Electronic Safe/Arm Fuse System Impact and Delayed Settings with Height of Burst Sensor
  • Size: 71 in/1.80 m (L) x 7.75 in/0.20 m (H) x 7.5 in/0.19 m (W)
  • Wingspan: 63.3 in/1.60 m (open), 7.5 in/0.19 m (stowed)

 

Guidance Set

  • Inertial Navigation System (INS)/Global Positioning System (GPS)
  • Anti-jam and Selective Availability Anti-Spoofing Module
  • Advanced Core Processor Two Module

 

Defence and security company Saab and Boeing have proven that Boeing’s Small Diameter Bomb I, originally developed for use by aircraft, can be adapted for launch from a ground artillery system